# According to the highway depar

According to
the highway department in Praire City, Idaho, the number of passengers per care
(including driver) commuting on highway 57 per evening is defined by the
probability distribution
Number of
Passengers  X Probability P(x)
1  0.35
2  0.35
3  0.15
4  0.10
5  0.05
For this
probability distribution
a) Identify
the values of the random variable
b) Construct
a probability histogram and determine its shape
c) Verify
that the sum of all the probabilities is one
d) What is
the expected number of passengers each evening?
e) Calculate
the standard deviation
f) How
unusual is it for a car to contain more than 2 passengers? Explain.
If the distribution
of the annual family income in New York City is normally distributed with a
mean of \$77,100 and standard deviation of \$15,000, then determine the following

a) The
proportion of families with incomes less than \$55,000
b) The
percent of families with incomes between \$65,000 and \$95,000.
c) The probability
that a family selected at random living in New York City will have an annual
family income greater than \$125,000.
d) If there
are an estimated 3 million families living in New York City, then how many
families would be expected to have family incomes greater than \$100,000?
e) The
family income that represents the 8th decile
f) The
family income that represents the 1st quartile
g) The
family income that represents the 65th percentile.
h) The
family income that cuts off the lowest 20,000 incomes/
i) The
family income that cuts off the highest 100,000 incomes
j) If the
upper middle incomes are defined as those families earning in the upper 20% of
all family income. Find the minimum family income in New York City that is
considered upper middle class.
Recently, it
was reported that a baby born in 2014 is expected to live to a mean age of 79
years. If the standard deviation for this population is 10 year, use the
mean formed by taking from the population of babies born is 2014, all possible
random samples of size 100.
A) Find μx̄
B) Determine σx̅
C) Can this sampling distribution of the mean be
approximated by a normal distribution
D) IF the population of life expectancies for those born
in 2014 is approximately normal, what is the probability that a baby born in
2014 will live to: Atleast 78? At leave age 82?
E) If a random sample of 100 babies born in 2014 were
selected, what is the probability that these babies will live to at least a
mean age of 78? To at least a mean age of 82?
F) why are the answers to parts (d) and (e) different?

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