Compare / Contrast the ENISA and Commonwealth Approaches to Cybersecurity


**PLEASE PAY SPECIAL ATTENTION TO THE WRITE SECTION AND SEE RUBRIC FOR GRADING**Paper #4: Compare / Contrast the ENISA and Commonwealth Approaches to
Developing National Cybersecurity Strategies
Your company has
assigned you to serve as an industry subject matter expert and advisor for a cyber policy competition team for a
local university. This year, the team will be competing in an international
Cyber Policy competition in Washington, DC. The policy question for this year’s
competition is: what is the best approach
for developing a national cybersecurity strategy? The competition will have
one U.S. team and nine additional teams from Europe (4 teams) and the
Commonwealth nations (5 teams).
The university students have asked you to help them
understand the problem space and the likely approaches that competing teams
will take. To accomplish this goal, you have decided to prepare a white paper in which you compare the European Union Agency for Network and Information Security (ENISA) guidance
document for cybersecurity strategies to a similar document prepared by the Commonwealth Telecommunications Organization
(CTO). ENISA provides cybersecurity guidance for member states of the
European Union (
). CTO provides cybersecurity guidance for members of the Commonwealth of Nations (

Your starting point for your analysis will be outlines
of the two documents (Table 1 and Table 2) which were provided to the teams by
the competition’s organizers.
Review the document outlines provided in Tables
1 and 2 (at the end of this document).
Download and review the full documents
Develop five or more points which are common
across the two documents. (Similarities)
Identify and review at least three unique items
in each document. (Differences)
Research three or more national cybersecurity
strategies from EU or Commonwealth nations which were written in or available
in English (see the list in Appendix 1 of the CTO document).  How comprehensive are these documents when
compared to either the ENISA or the CTO guidance? From these documents and the
ENISA / CTO guidelines, develop an answer to the question: Why should every
nation have a cybersecurity strategy?
Write a five (5) to eight
(8) page white paper in which you summarize your research and discuss the
similarities and differences between the two guidance documents. You should
focus upon clarity and conciseness more than length when determining what
content to include in your paper. At a minimum, your white paper must include
the following:
1.  An
introduction or overview of national
cybersecurity strategies. Explain the purpose of a national cybersecurity
strategy and how it is used. Answer the question: why should every nation have
a cybersecurity strategy? (Make sure that you address the importance of such
strategies to small, resource-poor nations as well as to wealthy, developed
2.  A
separate section in which you discuss the common principles and guidelines
(similarities) found in both guidance documents (ENISA & CTO).
3.  A
separate section in which you discuss the unique aspects of the CTO principles
and guidelines for national cybersecurity strategies.
4.  A
separate section in which you discuss the unique aspects of the ENISA
principles and guidelines for national cybersecurity strategies.
A section in which you present your
recommendations to the competition team as to the approach (next steps) they
should take in further refining their answer to the competition question: what is the best approach for developing a national
cybersecurity strategy?
Submit For Grading
1.  Submit
your white paper in MS Word format (.docx or .doc file) using the OPEN Data
Assignment in your assignment folder. (Attach the file.)
2.  You
must also submit your white paper to TurnItIn before the due date for this
Additional Information
1.  Your
white paper should use standard terms and definitions for cybersecurity
concepts. The following sources are recommended:

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b.  Guidelines on Security and Privacy in Public
Cloud Computing

c.  Glossary sections in the two guidance
documents (ENISA & CTO)
2.  You
are expected to credit your sources using in-text citations and reference list
entries. Both your citations and your reference list entries must comply with
APA 6th edition Style requirements. Failure to credit your sources will result
in penalties as provided for under the university’s Academic Integrity policy.
3.  Use
APA 6th edition style (formatting) for the organization and
appearance of the MS Word document that you submit to your assignment folder. This
includes margins, section headings, and consistent use of fonts (Times New
Roman 12 in black), paragraph styles (first line indent by ½ inch), and line
spacing (double). Formatting requirements and examples are found under Course Resources
> APA Resources. Your file should contain both a title page and a separate
References page. Use page breaks to ensure that the title page and references
page are separate from the body of the paper.
4.  You
are expected to write grammatically correct English in every assignment that
you submit for grading. Do not turn in any work without (a) using spell check,
(b) using grammar check, (c) verifying that your punctuation is correct and (d)
reviewing your work for correct word usage and correctly structured sentences
and paragraphs. These items are graded under Professionalism and constitute 15%
of the assignment grade.
Table 1. Outline for Commonwealth Approach for Developing
National Cybersecurity Strategies (Commonwealth Telecommunications
Organisation, 2015).

3.1 Development of the Strategy
3.1.1 An approach to design of the strategy: risk-based and
3.1.2 The use of a maturity model
3.1.3 Key performance indicators
3.1.4 Resources and market forces
3.1.5 Communicating its concepts and ideas
3.2 Delivering the Strategy
3.3 Reviewing the Strategy
4.1 Introduction and background section
4.2 Guiding principles section
4.3 Vision and strategic goals section
4.4 Objectives and priorities section – using a risk-based approach
4.5 Stakeholder section
4.6 Governance and management structure
4.7 Strategy implementation section
4.7.1 Legal and regulatory framework
4.7.2 Capacity Building
4.7.3 Awareness
4.7.4 Local technical capability
4.7.5 Incident response
4.8 Monitoring and evaluation

Table 2. Outline for National Cyber Security Strategies:
Practical Guide on Development and Execution (European Network and
Information Security Agency, 2012).

2 National cyber security strategy lifecycle
3 Develop and execute the national cyber-security strategy
3.1 Set the vision, scope, objectives and priorities
3.2 Follow a national risk assessment approach
3.3 Take stock of existing policies, regulations and capabilities
3.4 Develop a clear governance structure
3.5 Identify and engage stakeholders
3.6 Establish trusted information-sharing mechanisms
3.7 Develop national cyber contingency plans
3.8 Organise cyber security exercises
3.9 Establish baseline security requirements
3.10 Establish incident reporting mechanisms
3.11 User awareness
3.12 Foster R&D
3.13 Strengthen training and educational programmes
3.14 Establish an incident response capability
3.15 Address cyber crime
3.16 Engage in international cooperation
3.17 Establish a public–private partnership
3.18 Balance security with privacy
4 Evaluate and adjust the national cyber-security strategy
4.1 Evaluation approach
4.2 Key performance indicators

Commonwealth Telecommunications Organisation. (2015). Commonwealth approach for developing
national cybersecurity strategies. London, UK: Author. Retrieved from‌Approach%20‌for%20‌National%20‌Cybersecurity%20Strategies.pdf

European Network and Information Security Agency.
(2012). National cyber security
strategies: Practical guide on development and execution. Heraklion, Crete,
Greece: Author. Retrieved from

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