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Making Ethical and Socially Responsible Decisions in the Context of
*(This is a hypothetical scenario using fictional companies in fictional locations)
You recently graduated with an MBA from a reputable university and have been hired as a regional
director (assigned to the southern region) for a relatively large corporation (Mega Food, Inc.). Mega
Food manufactures a variety of food products that are currently distributed and sold only in the United
States. The corporation employs over 5,000 individuals in 20 facilities located throughout the United
States. Most of these facilities were privately owned by the founder or members of the founders’
families and managed locally prior to being acquired by Mega Food. Overall, Mega Food, which is a
publicly traded company, has had a relatively stable track record of profitability that is 5% below the
industry average (Total revenues for the last five years have averaged $250 million). In the last three (3)
years, shareholders have intensified pressures for Mega Food to increase overall profitability to meet or
exceed the industry average.
As regional director for the southern region, you have direct responsibility for the overseeing the
performance of five (5) facilities. One of the facilities in your region specializes in manufacturing a
variety of chocolate candies that are shipped to numerous wholesalers throughout the United States.
The facility is located in Orchard, Georgia, a small, rural community with a population of 5,000. The
facility employs 125 individuals in a variety of positions and typically generates a modest profit of
$100,000 annually for Mega Food. The Senior Vice President for your division has asked you to evaluate
the Orchard facility and make a formal recommendation regarding whether or not the operations
performed by this facility should remain in Orchard or if the Orchard facility should be closed and the
operations transferred to the country of Frostburg.
Additional Details Regarding the Orchard Facility:
A. The breakdown of employees, by category, who work for the Orchard facility are as follows:
100 Assembly line workers (Average wage $12.00 per hour)
10 Assembly line supervisors (Average wage of $20.00 per hour)
10 Sales associates who interact with wholesalers who purchase from the facility
(Average wage of $25 per hour)
4 Quality control supervisors (Average wage $18.00 per hour)
1 Plant manager (Annual salary of $75,000)
B. Average tenure with the company is over 10 years, but several of the employees have worked
for the company over 20 years and are nearing retirement.
C. The Orchard facility is the largest single employer within a 100 mile radius of the town of
Orchard and the only large employer remaining in the area.
D. In addition to employing 125 individuals in the Orchard facility, several of the raw products and
materials (such as milk and flour) are purchased from local farmers operating within a 50 mile
radius of the facility.
Additional Details Regarding the Country of Frostburg:
A. The country is still developing in terms of infrastructure , but has made considerable progress
recently in attracting companies looking for access to cheaper labor and access to less expensive
B. Average labor costs for individuals with a skill set required to be an assembly line worker are
approximately $2 per hour.
C. Costs for physical facilities and equipment are lower in Frostburg than the US.
D. Labor laws and regulations related to human resource management are not well developed in
Frostburg. Consequently, employees in Frostburg have far fewer protections than US workers,
including safeguards that are related to the safety and health of workers.
E. Environmental laws are less formal in Frostburg. Consequently, products such as milk, flour and
other ingredients that are used to manufacture the chocolate do not undergo regular
inspections. Further, the types of chemicals and pesticides used on food products grown in
Frostburg are not readily apparent.
Summary of Your Analysis:
After careful analysis, you have determined that Mega Food could conservatively generate an additional
profit of $250,000 annually (within 3 to 5 years) by relocating the operations of the Orchard facility to
Frostburg. Further, you have determined that there is the potential to increase this level of profitability
significantly within a period of 5 to 10 years after relocating to Frostburg. These additional gains would
result from improved skill levels of workers related to ongoing training, improved infrastructure, and
Use technical terms, principles, and frameworks in your responses.
Identify and specifically describe 3 to 5 major ethical issues you would encounter in the process
of formulating your recommendation. In your response, please justify or support why you feel
that each of the issues have ethical implications.
2. Identify and specifically describe 3 to 5 issues related to corporate social responsibility that
would encounter in the process of formulating your recommendation. In your response, please
justify or support why you feel that each of the issues have implications related to social
3. Identify and specifically describe 3 to 5 major global trends that are specifically influencing Mega
Food to consider relocating operations of the Orchard facility to the country of Frostburg. In
your response, please be specific in stating why or how each of the global trends is directly
impacting Mega Food.
4. Summarize 3 to 5 major challenges that Mega Food would encounter if they chose to relocate
the operations of the Orchard facility to the country of Frostburg.
5. What would be your official recommendation to Mega Food? Please support your answer by
providing a rationale that incorporates appropriate concepts covered in your business courses.
6. Quite often, leaders and managers are required to make decisions under conditions of
uncertainty. This hypothetical case contained very limited information. If you could have access
to 3 more types of additional information for this case, what is the nature of the information
you would find helpful. Please justify your answer.
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