1. “Western hegemony is neither a product of nature nor is it eternal. On the contrary, at some point it will come to an end.” (Martin Jacques, When China Rules the World, p.45) Do you agree or disagree with this claim? Why? In what ways might the end of western hegemony be a good thing, and in what ways might be a bad thing? Explain. 2. Critically evaluate the last paragraph of a book on World order by Mark Mazower: “In the ongoing atomization of society, citizens and classes have both vanished as forces for change and given way to a world of individuals, who come together as consumers of goods or information, and who trust the internet more than they do their political representatives or the experts they watch on television. Governing institutions today have lost sight of the of the principle of politics rooted in the collective values of a res publica , even as they continue to defend the “civilization of capital.” As for the rituals of international life, these are now well established. The world’s heads of state flock annually to the United Nations General Assembly. There are discussions of reform and grandiose declarations of global targets, which mostly go unmet. Politicians, journalists, bankers and businessmen make their pilgrimage to the heavily guarded Alpine precinct of Davos, seeking to confirm through this triumph of corporate sponsorship that a global ruling elite exists and they belong to it. Our representatives continue to hand over power to experts and self-interested regulators in the name of efficient global governance while a skeptical and alienated public looks on. The idea of governing the world is becoming yesterday’s dream.” Again from Mazower (p. 395), critically comment: [Speaking about responsibility to protect] “Why Gadhafi and not Tibet? Or Gaza or Bahrain? Supporters (of R2P) say a little intervention is better than none. But that may be quite wrong, and for reasons that go beyond the obvious reproach of double standards. The main point is that the way leaders treat their people is not the only problem that counts in international affairs. A world in which violations of human rights trump the sanctity of borders may turn out to produce more wars, more massacres, and more instability. It may also be less law abiding. If the history of the past century shows anything, it is that clear legal norms, the empowering of states, and the securing of international stability more generally also serve the cause of human welfare.”3. Global Trends 2030 identifies four megatrends over the next two decades (individual empowerment, diffusion of power, demographic patterns, and food, water, and energy nexus) and seven game-changers (crisis prone global economy, governance gap, potential for increased conflict, wider scope of regional instability, impact of new technologies, and the role of the United States). Thinking about the world in 2030, which megatrend do you think will be the single most important? Why? Which game-changer do you think will be the single most important? Why? Three answers separately and each contains 300 words. thank you very much.
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