2. Read the text several times and write a short summary of what it means to you. 3. Decide what form of art you think would best convey the meaning the text has for you4. Create the piece of art. 5. Write an essay, at least 250 words in length, explaining the choices you made with your art and how each choice
reflects the text you chose. Be sure to consider the list of exegetical questions provided in the paragraph above.In your own words tell why you choose David and GolithI have provide the biblical text and picture.
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1 Samuel 17New International Version (NIV)
David and Goliath
17 Now the Philistines gathered their forces for war and assembled at Sokoh in Judah. They pitched
camp at Ephes Dammim, between Sokoh and Azekah. 2 Saul and the Israelites assembled and camped in
the Valley of Elah and drew up their battle line to meet the Philistines. 3 The Philistines occupied one hill
and the Israelites another, with the valley between them.
4 A champion named Goliath, who was from Gath, came out of the Philistine camp. His height was six
cubits and a span.[a] 5 He had a bronze helmet on his head and wore a coat of scale armor of bronze
weighing five thousand shekels[b]; 6 on his legs he wore bronze greaves, and a bronze javelin was slung
on his back. 7 His spear shaft was like a weaver’s rod, and its iron point weighed six hundred shekels.[c]
His shield bearer went ahead of him.
8 Goliath stood and shouted to the ranks of Israel, “Why do you come out and line up for battle? Am I
not a Philistine, and are you not the servants of Saul? Choose a man and have him come down to me. 9
If he is able to fight and kill me, we will become your subjects; but if I overcome him and kill him, you
will become our subjects and serve us.” 10 Then the Philistine said, “This day I defy the armies of Israel!
Give me a man and let us fight each other.” 11 On hearing the Philistine’s words, Saul and all the
Israelites were dismayed and terrified.
12 Now David was the son of an Ephrathite named Jesse, who was from Bethlehem in Judah. Jesse had
eight sons, and in Saul’s time he was very old. 13 Jesse’s three oldest sons had followed Saul to the war:
The firstborn was Eliab; the second, Abinadab; and the third, Shammah. 14 David was the youngest. The
three oldest followed Saul, 15 but David went back and forth from Saul to tend his father’s sheep at
16 For forty days the Philistine came forward every morning and evening and took his stand.
17 Now Jesse said to his son David, “Take this ephah[d] of roasted grain and these ten loaves of bread
for your brothers and hurry to their camp. 18 Take along these ten cheeses to the commander of their
unit. See how your brothers are and bring back some assurance[e] from them. 19 They are with Saul and
all the men of Israel in the Valley of Elah, fighting against the Philistines.”
20 Early in the morning David left the flock in the care of a shepherd, loaded up and set out, as Jesse had
directed. He reached the camp as the army was going out to its battle positions, shouting the war cry. 21
Israel and the Philistines were drawing up their lines facing each other. 22 David left his things with the
keeper of supplies, ran to the battle lines and asked his brothers how they were. 23 As he was talking
with them, Goliath, the Philistine champion from Gath, stepped out from his lines and shouted his usual
defiance, and David heard it. 24 Whenever the Israelites saw the man, they all fled from him in great
25 Now the Israelites had been saying, “Do you see how this man keeps coming out? He comes out to
defy Israel. The king will give great wealth to the man who kills him. He will also give him his daughter in
marriage and will exempt his family from taxes in Israel.”
26 David asked the men standing near him, “What will be done for the man who kills this Philistine and
removes this disgrace from Israel? Who is this uncircumcised Philistine that he should defy the armies of
the living God?”
27 They repeated to him what they had been saying and told him, “This is what will be done for the man
who kills him.”
28 When Eliab, David’s oldest brother, heard him speaking with the men, he burned with anger at him
and asked, “Why have you come down here? And with whom did you leave those few sheep in the
wilderness? I know how conceited you are and how wicked your heart is; you came down only to watch
29 “Now what have I done?” said David. “Can’t I even speak?” 30 He then turned away to someone else
and brought up the same matter, and the men answered him as before. 31 What David said was
overheard and reported to Saul, and Saul sent for him.
32 David said to Saul, “Let no one lose heart on account of this Philistine; your servant will go and fight
33 Saul replied, “You are not able to go out against this Philistine and fight him; you are only a young
man, and he has been a warrior from his youth.”
34 But David said to Saul, “Your servant has been keeping his father’s sheep. When a lion or a bear came
and carried off a sheep from the flock, 35 I went after it, struck it and rescued the sheep from its mouth.
When it turned on me, I seized it by its hair, struck it and killed it. 36 Your servant has killed both the lion
and the bear; this uncircumcised Philistine will be like one of them, because he has defied the armies of
the living God. 37 The Lord who rescued me from the paw of the lion and the paw of the bear will rescue
me from the hand of this Philistine.”
Saul said to David, “Go, and the Lord be with you.”
38 Then Saul dressed David in his own tunic. He put a coat of armor on him and a bronze helmet on his
head. 39 David fastened on his sword over the tunic and tried walking around, because he was not used
“I cannot go in these,” he said to Saul, “because I am not used to them.” So he took them off. 40 Then
he took his staff in his hand, chose five smooth stones from the stream, put them in the pouch of his
shepherd’s bag and, with his sling in his hand, approached the Philistine.
41 Meanwhile, the Philistine, with his shield bearer in front of him, kept coming closer to David. 42 He
looked David over and saw that he was little more than a boy, glowing with health and handsome, and
he despised him. 43 He said to David, “Am I a dog, that you come at me with sticks?” And the Philistine
cursed David by his gods. 44 “Come here,” he said, “and I’ll give your flesh to the birds and the wild
45 David said to the Philistine, “You come against me with sword and spear and javelin, but I come
against you in the name of the Lord Almighty, the God of the armies of Israel, whom you have defied. 46
This day the Lord will deliver you into my hands, and I’ll strike you down and cut off your head. This very
day I will give the carcasses of the Philistine army to the birds and the wild animals, and the whole world
will know that there is a God in Israel. 47 All those gathered here will know that it is not by sword or
spear that the Lord saves; for the battle is the Lord’s, and he will give all of you into our hands.”
48 As the Philistine moved closer to attack him, David ran quickly toward the battle line to meet him. 49
Reaching into his bag and taking out a stone, he slung it and struck the Philistine on the forehead. The
stone sank into his forehead, and he fell facedown on the ground.
50 So David triumphed over the Philistine with a sling and a stone; without a sword in his hand he struck
down the Philistine and killed him.
51 David ran and stood over him. He took hold of the Philistine’s sword and drew it from the sheath.
After he killed him, he cut off his head with the sword.
When the Philistines saw that their hero was dead, they turned and ran. 52 Then the men of Israel and
Judah surged forward with a shout and pursued the Philistines to the entrance of Gath[f] and to the
gates of Ekron. Their dead were strewn along the Shaaraim road to Gath and Ekron. 53 When the
Israelites returned from chasing the Philistines, they plundered their camp.
54 David took the Philistine’s head and brought it to Jerusalem; he put the Philistine’s weapons in his
55 As Saul watched David going out to meet the Philistine, he said to Abner, commander of the army,
“Abner, whose son is that young man?”
Abner replied, “As surely as you live, Your Majesty, I don’t know.”
56 The king said, “Find out whose son this young man is.”
57 As soon as David returned from killing the Philistine, Abner took him and brought him before Saul,
with David still holding the Philistine’s head.
58 “Whose son are you, young man?” Saul asked him.
David said, “I am the son of your servant Jesse of Bethlehem.”
1 Samuel 18New International Version (NIV)
Saul’s Growing Fear of David
18 After David had finished talking with Saul, Jonathan became one in spirit with David, and he loved
him as himself. 2 From that day Saul kept David with him and did not let him return home to his family.
3 And Jonathan made a covenant with David because he loved him as himself. 4 Jonathan took off the
robe he was wearing and gave it to David, along with his tunic, and even his sword, his bow and his belt.
5 Whatever mission Saul sent him on, David was so successful that Saul gave him a high rank in the
army. This pleased all the troops, and Saul’s officers as well.
6 When the men were returning home after David had killed the Philistine, the women came out from
all the towns of Israel to meet King Saul with singing and dancing, with joyful songs and with timbrels
and lyres. 7 As they danced, they sang:
“Saul has slain his thousands,
and David his tens of thousands.”
8 Saul was very angry; this refrain displeased him greatly. “They have credited David with tens of
thousands,” he thought, “but me with only thousands. What more can he get but the kingdom?” 9 And
from that time on Saul kept a close eye on David.
10 The next day an evil[a] spirit from God came forcefully on Saul. He was prophesying in his house,
while David was playing the lyre, as he usually did. Saul had a spear in his hand 11 and he hurled it,
saying to himself, “I’ll pin David to the wall.” But David eluded him twice.
12 Saul was afraid of David, because the Lord was with David but had departed from Saul. 13 So he sent
David away from him and gave him command over a thousand men, and David led the troops in their
campaigns. 14 In everything he did he had great success, because the Lord was with him. 15 When Saul
saw how successful he was, he was afraid of him. 16 But all Israel and Judah loved David, because he led
them in their campaigns.
17 Saul said to David, “Here is my older daughter Merab. I will give her to you in marriage; only serve me
bravely and fight the battles of the Lord.” For Saul said to himself, “I will not raise a hand against him.
Let the Philistines do that!”
18 But David said to Saul, “Who am I, and what is my family or my clan in Israel, that I should become
the king’s son-in-law?” 19 So[b] when the time came for Merab, Saul’s daughter, to be given to David,
she was given in marriage to Adriel of Meholah.
20 Now Saul’s daughter Michal was in love with David, and when they told Saul about it, he was pleased.
21 “I will give her to him,” he thought, “so that she may be a snare to him and so that the hand of the
Philistines may be against him.” So Saul said to David, “Now you have a second opportunity to become
22 Then Saul ordered his attendants: “Speak to David privately and say, ‘Look, the king likes you, and his
attendants all love you; now become his son-in-law.’”
23 They repeated these words to David. But David said, “Do you think it is a small matter to become the
king’s son-in-law? I’m only a poor man and little known.”
24 When Saul’s servants told him what David had said, 25 Saul replied, “Say to David, ‘The king wants no
other price for the bride than a hundred Philistine foreskins, to take revenge on his enemies.’” Saul’s
plan was to have David fall by the hands of the Philistines.
26 When the attendants told David these things, he was pleased to become the king’s son-in-law. So
before the allotted time elapsed, 27 David took his men with him and went out and killed two hundred
Philistines and brought back their foreskins. They counted out the full number to the king so that David
might become the king’s son-in-law. Then Saul gave him his daughter Michal in marriage.
28 When Saul realized that the Lord was with David and that his daughter Michal loved David, 29 Saul
became still more afraid of him, and he remained his enemy the rest of his days.
30 The Philistine commanders continued to go out to battle, and as often as they did, David met with
more success than the rest of Saul’s officers, and his name became well known.
1 Samuel 19New International Version (NIV)
Saul Tries to Kill David
19 Saul told his son Jonathan and all the attendants to kill David. But Jonathan had taken a great liking to
David 2 and warned him, “My father Saul is looking for a chance to kill you. Be on your guard tomorrow
morning; go into hiding and stay there. 3 I will go out and stand with my father in the field where you
are. I’ll speak to him about you and will tell you what I find out.”
4 Jonathan spoke well of David to Saul his father and said to him, “Let not the king do wrong to his
servant David; he has not wronged you, and what he has done has benefited you greatly. 5 He took his
life in his hands when he killed the Philistine. The Lord won a great victory for all Israel, and you saw it
and were glad. Why then would you do wrong to an innocent man like David by killing him for no
6 Saul listened to Jonathan and took this oath: “As surely as the Lord lives, David will not be put to
7 So Jonathan called David and told him the whole conversation. He brought him to Saul, and David was
with Saul as before.
8 Once more war broke out, and David went out and fought the Philistines. He struck them with such
force that they fled before him.
9 But an evil[a] spirit from the Lord came on Saul as he was sitting in his house with his spear in his hand.
While David was playing the lyre, 10 Saul tried to pin him to the wall with his spear, but David eluded
him as Saul drove the spear into the wall. That night David made good his escape.
11 Saul sent men to David’s house to watch it and to kill him in the morning. But Michal, David’s wife,
warned him, “If you don’t run for your life tonight, tomorrow you’ll be killed.” 12 So Michal let David
down through a window, and he fled and escaped. 13 Then Michal took an idol and laid it on the bed,
covering it with a garment and putting some goats’ hair at the head.
14 When Saul sent the men to capture David, Michal said, “He is ill.”
15 Then Saul sent the men back to see David and told them, “Bring him up to me in his bed so that I may
kill him.” 16 But when the men entered, there was the idol in the bed, and at the head was some goats’
17 Saul said to Michal, “Why did you deceive me like this and send my enemy away so that he escaped?”
Michal told him, “He said to me, ‘Let me get away. Why should I kill you?’”
18 When David had fled and made his escape, he went to Samuel at Ramah and told him all that Saul
had done to him. Then he and Samuel went to Naioth and stayed there. 19 Word came to Saul: “David is
in Naioth at Ramah”; 20 so he sent men to capture him. But when they saw a group of prophets
prophesying, with Samuel standing there as their leader, the Spirit of God came on Saul’s men, and they
also prophesied. 21 Saul was told about it, and he sent more men, and they prophesied too. Saul sent
men a third time, and they also prophesied. 22 Finally, he himself left for Ramah and went to the great
cistern at Seku. And he asked, “Where are Samuel and David?”
“Over in Naioth at Ramah,” they said.
23 So Saul went to Naioth at Ramah. But the Spirit of God came even on him, and he walked along
prophesying until he came to Naioth. 24 He stripped off his garments, and he too prophesied in
Samuel’s presence. He lay naked all that day and all that night. This is why people say, “Is Saul also
among the prophets?”
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