I need help creating a thesis and an outline on Significance of Experimental Psychology. Prepare this assignment according to the guidelines found in the APA Style Guide. An abstract is required. Classical Conditioning is a learning theory that has its roots in the theory of behaviorism. Ivan Pavlov is known as the father of classical conditioning. In his experimented, he made use of the bell as the neutral stimulus and food as the environmental stimulus to create the salivation response each time when he rang the bell. He established that learning occurs through associations that are formed “between an environmental stimulus and a naturally occurring stimulus”. This also means that the environment plays a pivotal role in forming a specific behavior. Thoughts, emotions, feeling or any other mental states are not useful in explaining such behavior. Classical conditioning is successfully applied in real-world settings. Most phobias are the result of some childhood happenings in life. A frightening experience of a dog bite (as an environment stimulus) can create permanent phobia towards all dogs in life including those where the dog is completely docile and harmless. Teachers apply classical conditioning while tutoring so as to remove fear and anxiety in the minds of students and achieve better outcomes. The Stroop EffectThe Stroop effect gives clues about fundamental cognitive processes. The Stroop effect informs about the limitations of our mental vitality and flexibility. According to the Stroop effect, the reading process is an auto process and people read the meaning without much consciousness but at the same time, fail to notice the ink color of the specific word due to lack of directed attention. The cognitive mechanism or directed attention is a scarce resource. Due to this limitation, mental effectiveness cannot last for long resulting in poor decisions. Directed attention facilitates a variety of environmental and prosocial behaviors. It allows us to follow important long-term goals regardless of our immediate needs (Kantowitz et al, 2014).Thinking and Problem SolvingThinking is a kind of mental process that usually never stops. However, awareness to thinking makes major difference. Our brain receives a variety of information from the environment through our sensory organs and stores that information for future use.
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