Write a 5 pages paper on effectiveness of punishment to rehabilitation debate. However, the diverse factors determine the sanctions and processes imposed by the justice system.Punishment and rehabilitation are two of the main goals of the US criminal justice system, aside from the deterrence and incapacitation. The objective of the essay is to debate the effectiveness of punishment compared to rehabilitation in relation to the management of convicted offenders in prison and under community supervision. The debate would be formulated on the basis of issues of punishment versus rehabilitation that address the following points: (1) deterrence of crime, (2) effect on victims and victims’ families, (3) effect on the offender, (4) social effect on society, and (5) fiscal effect on society.Punishment is defined as “some pain or penalty warranted by law, inflicted on a person, for the commission of a crime or misdemeanor, or for the omission of the performance of an act required by law, by the judgment and command of some lawful court” (Lectric Law Library, 2010, par. 1). Accordingly, the ultimate objective of punishment is “to reform the offender. to deter him and others from committing like offenses. and to protect society” (Lectric Law Library, 2010, par. 5).On the other hand, rehabilitation means “a punishment intended to reform a convict so that she can lead a productive life free from crime.” (Smith, n.d., par. 1) The objective of rehabilitation is more therapeutic than punitive. “The main goal of rehabilitation is to improve a criminal offender’s life so that they no longer have the desire to commit criminal acts” (Kitchen, 2009, par. 7).Generally, punishment is imposed by the justice system in adult courts while rehabilitation, treatment and community protection are usually imposed for juvenile courts (Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (OJJDP) (1999)).Punishment’s main objective is for deterrence of future crimes.
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