I need some assistance with these assignment. genuineness and empathy of rodgers Thank you in advance for the help! Validation of the Rodgerian psychotherapy was through scientific and clinical analysis. Maslow (2013) states that people are generally seeking to achieve certain needs and that some needs took precedence over others. Rodgers believed in the assumptions of this theory and this played a key part in informing his studies in psychology. He believed that through self-actualization individuals become fully functioning individuals leading a good life. Rodgers, (1961) states that by self-actualization the individual would have a positive healthy psychological outlook, trust his or her own feelings, and have congruence between oneself experiences. As a humanistic psychologist, Rodgers believed that individuals need acceptance, genuineness, and empathy in order to grow. He believed that relationships and health personalities develop from the factors of genuineness, empathy, and acceptance. (McLeod, 2014) His main works dwelled mostly on the “self”. His theory is about how individuals perceive and interpret events. Analyses of individual personality from the point of view of the individual’s subjective experiences are what inform humanistic psychology. Phenomenological psychology refers to this type of psychology. For Rodgers psychotherapy is a good genuine relationship with discipline. The development of person-centered therapy from client-centered and patient-centered therapy arose from the works of Rodgers. Self-actualization arises when the individual obtains their potential including creativity. From Maslow’s hierarchy of needs, this arises from the satisfaction of other needs even if not wholly. (Maslow, 2013) Rodgers believed that self-actualization is achievable this emanates from the individual’s achievement of one’s goals, dreams, and aspirations in life. Accordingly, he believed that self-actualization results from the congruence between one ideal self and self-image. This results from the fully functioning individual who is actively aware of subjective emotions are in touch with time and are continually growing and changing. .Genuineness according to Rodgers is all about openness and self-disclosure. It involves the therapist’s honesty while dealing with the client. This will result in role modeling and the client will develop honesty as such. Genuineness defines congruence and is a key issue in person-centered therapy. According to Rodgers, it is the most important aspect of counseling. He infers that therapists should allow clients to experience them as they really are. There is a similarity of internal and external experiences of the therapists. According to McLeod, (2013) the therapist is authentic. For the therapist to be genuine they need to be real and be open when dealing with the client. .According to Seligman & Csikszentmihalyi (2014) empathy refers to the multifaceted tool for understanding capacity to share and understand the thoughts and feelings of others. They distinguish between emotional empathy and cognitive empathy. From their research, they define emotional empathy as the capacity to share or be aroused by another emotional state. Cognitive empathy, on the other hand, will refer to the ability to put oneself in the mind of other individual o be able to understand what they are thinking. . Empathy in humanistic psychology means entering by the therapist into the clients’ frame of mind and thought. Rodgers said that therapists must be clients themselves. This involves them being more than just understanding of the clients’ situation but also try to be in that situation themselves. In so doing the therapists will act as mere administrators of remedies and the client being the guide. The therapist has to experience other persons’ life by joining their thoughts, feelings, emotions, and meanings.  .
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