Expert Answer:3 one-page paper about a current topic in netherla

  

Solved by verified expert:Please provide 3 papers (one page each) about a current topic of netherlands. The paper should be about a current topic involving disarmament and international security. Please write what you think that netherlands would say about each new event comparing and using the paper that I will attach as a guide to your response.
politics_position_paper_netherlands.docx

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Committee: Disarmament & International Security
Topic: Role of Science and Technology in the context of international security and disarmament.
Country: Netherlands
School: Friends University
I. General Statements
The 21st century is an era that has seen the most advancement in science and technology. Throughout the
world, there has been tremendous steps in scientific and technological innovations which have completely
revolutionized the way human beings do things (Stehr, 2015). The primary purpose of such scientific and
technological advancements is to improve the lives of human beings. However, some scientific and technological
advancements have military applications which pose a significant threat to international security and disarmament
(International Peace Institute, 2016). Therefore, science and technology play a significant role in global security and
disarmament.
The United Nations noted this role and the General Assembly First Committee acknowledged the need to
guide scientific and technological progress in a direction that will benefit humanity and promote international peace
and security (United Nations, 2017). It was the first agenda of the First Committee of 1988 in which the committee
noted that many countries are devoting significant amounts of resources to military-related scientific and
technological advancements (UNODA, 2018). Such devotion to technological and scientific developments with the
military application has raised tension between countries. Also, with the issue of terrorism, these advancements may
make it extremely difficult to curb terrorist activities. Therefore, there is a need to come up with a way of regulating
scientific and technological advancements with military applications to ensure that humanity benefit and improve
international security, disarmament, and peace.
II. Particulars
Concerning the role played by science and technology in international security and disarmament efforts, the
Netherlands’ national view is entirely in support of the United Nations General Assembly resolutions (Shirobokova,
2018). The first resolution 43/77 A of 1988 of the first committee required that future technological and scientific
developments especially the ones with military applications needs evaluation on their impact on national security.
Subsequent resolutions on this issue adopted by the General Assembly including the latest resolution 72/28 of 2017
has been following the first request. In line with this, the Netherlands highlights four developments which are
relevant to disarmament and international security. These developments include cyber operations, artificial
intelligence, convergence of chemistry and biology and genome editing (Government of Netherlands, 2018).
The Netherlands believes that cyber development is a technological advancement that has a massive impact
on international security and disarmament (Koenders, 2017). We believe that each country’s national security has a
direct link with cybersecurity because of the digitization of national security organs (Ministry of Foreign Affairs,
Netherlands, 2018). As a result, national security interests are vulnerable to digital attacks, and this makes
cybersecurity an international priority to securing international peace. Therefore, the Netherlands has adequate
digital capabilities that help her effectively detect, mitigate and respond to threats on the digital domain (National
Coordinator for Security and Counterterrorism, n.d.). By doing so, it contributes to international security and peace
in the cyberspace.
The Netherlands acknowledges that artificial intelligence has the potential to influence human civilization
profoundly. Despite the many benefits of AI in the civilian world, its application in the military has a possibility of
affecting disarmament and international security efforts. The main concern that the Netherlands have concerning AI
is how human will exercise control over AI operated systems (De Spiegeleire, Maas & Sweijs, 2017). Autonomous
military systems threaten international security, and therefore the UN need to regulate the use of AI use in the
military. Convergence of chemistry and biology is a scientific and technological development with huge potential of
affecting disarmament and international security. The Netherlands believes that convergence of chemistry and
biology enables countries to re-engineer and improve organisms for military purposes (Government of Netherlands,
2018). Genome editing is related to this and results in the development of genetically modified organisms which can
be used as weapons. Therefore, the Netherlands supports the idea of controlling technological and scientific
advancements for the greater good of the world.
References
De Spiegeleire, S., Maas, M., & Sweijs, T. (2017). Artificial intelligence and the future of defense.
Government of the Netherlands. (2018). Resolution 72/28: The Role of Science and Technology in the context of
International Security and Disarmament – Kingdom of the Netherlands. Retrieved from
https://s3.amazonaws.com/unoda-web/wp-content/uploads/2018/08/Netherlands.pdf
International Peace Institute. (2016). The Impact of New Technologies on Peace, Security, and Development.
Retrieved from https://www.ipinst.org/2016/05/new-technologies-peace-development
Koenders, B. (2017). Statement: Conference on Disarmament, 27 February 2017. Retrieved from
https://www.permanentrepresentations.nl/documents/speeches/2017/02/27/statement-conference-ondisarmament-27-2-2017
Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Netherlands. (2018). Working Worldwide for the Security of the Netherlands: An
Integrated International Security Strategy 2018-2022. Retrieved from
https://www.government.nl/binaries/government/documents/reports/2018/05/14/integrated-internationalsecurity-strategy-2018-2022/NL_International_Integrated_Security_Strategy_2018_2022.pdf
National Coordinator for Security and Counterterrorism. (n.d.) National Cyber Security Agenda: A secure cyber
Netherlands
Shirobokova, E. (2018). The Netherlands and the prohibition of nuclear weapons. The Nonproliferation Review,
25(1-2), 37-49.
Stehr, N. (2015). Knowledge politics: Governing the consequences of science and technology. Routledge.
United Nations. (2017). Resolution adopted by the General Assembly on 4 December 2017. Retrieved from
http://undocs.org/a/res/72/28
UNODA. (2018). The Role of Science and Technology in the context of International Security and Disarmament –
UNODA. Retrieved from https://www.un.org/disarmament/topics/scienceandtechnology/

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