Solved by verified expert:Choose a topic from the PHI103 Final Paper Options. Preview the document list (SEE ATTACHEMENT). It should be a topic that you find interesting, but also for which you will be able defend a position with careful logical reasoning. Construct the strongest argument that you can on each side of the issue. Strengthen your arguments by contemplating possible objections to each argument, and revise your arguments in light of the objections. Continue this process until you feel that your arguments for each side are as convincing as you can possibly make them.Present your two arguments (one on each side of the issue) in standard form (with each premise and conclusion on a separate line) on the topic you selected from the PHI103 Final Paper OptionsPreview the document list. The two arguments should defend different positions on the topic. For example, if your topic was the existence of Santa Claus, then you would present one argument for the claim that Santa Claus does exist and another argument that Santa Claus does not exist. The premises of each argument will present reasons for thinking that the conclusion is true.Here is an example of what an argument in standard form looks like:Premise 1: If Santa Claus exists, then he lives at the North Pole.Premise 2: No one can live at the North Pole.Conclusion: Santa Claus does not exist.For each argument, provide a brief explanation of the strengths and weaknesses of the argument. You might explain whether the argument is inductive or deductive, or you might provide a diagram of the argument. Think about how the two arguments compare to each other. Is one better than the other? If so, what makes that one better? Is each a fair presentation of what someone taking that position would say? Are the premises reasonable? How might each argument be made better?Your grade will reflect both the quality of your initial post and the depth of your responses. Refer to the Discussion Forum Grading Rubric under the Settings icon above for guidance on how your discussion will be evaluated.Read the arguments presented by your classmates, and analyze the reasoning that they have presented. Whether you agree with their position or not, see if you can help them to improve their arguments. In particular, point out any respect in which a reasonable person might disagree with the truth of their premises or with the strength of their reasoning. Consider addressing the following questions: Did your classmate present a convincing argument? Why, or why not? Which part of the argument might someone dispute (e.g., premise, conclusion, structure, etc.)? How might the argument be strengthened? Make sure that your posts for the week include at least two substantive responses to classmates.
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Here is the list of options from which to choose your paper topic. The idea is to use the same
topic for all three papers in this course. If you want to switch topics between papers or if
you want to choose a topic not on this list, it is best to consult with your instructor first.
Your paper topic is a particular question that you will attempt to resolve using logic and
critical thinking. Choose a question from the list below that interests you and about which
you feel that you will be able to conduct scholarly research and construct logical arguments
on both sides. Feel free to modify the question into something more concrete and specific if
it would allow for a stronger or more interesting paper.
Here are the topics from which to choose (they are organized into categories to make it
easier to narrow down your choice):
• Is it permissible to use capital punishment on persons convicted of certain crimes?
• Is physician assisted suicide morally acceptable when a person is suffering from a
painful, incurable, terminal condition?
• Is abortion morally acceptable when the woman’s life is not in danger due to the
• Is it acceptable to purchase clothing made by underpaid and poorly treated workers
in other countries?
• Should a photo ID be required for voting?
• Should legal marriage be available to couples of the same sex?
• Should marijuana be legal for recreational use?
• Should vaccinations be required for all children of certain ages?
• Does federal assistance for college education for people with low incomes help the
economy in the long run?
• Are government subsidies (e.g. for agriculture, oil exploration, etc.) generally good
for the economy?
• Would shifting to alternative sources of energy (wind, solar, etc.) be likely to benefit
or harm our economy in the long run?
• What is the best way to invest one’s money (example: Are mutual funds better on
average than investing in real estate)?
• What is the best method for managing one’s time?
• Does the use of Social Media tend to improve or harm relationships?
• Are video games (or is pornography, TV, etc.) addictive (or harmful)?
• Is online education ‘as good as’ on ground education generally?
Is it unwise to major in the arts or humanities (given debt to employment ratios,
Should the government shift to funding charter schools rather than public schools?
• Is the use of therapy (or yoga, meditation, religion, etc.) effective in improving one’s
long term well-being?
• Are psychiatric drugs beneficial for (or detrimental to) long term mental health?
• Do vaccines cause autism or other harmful diseases?
• Does alternative medicine (e.g. acupuncture, homeopathic medicine, etc.) work
better in many cases than standard western (allopathic) medicine?
• Is climate change real and human caused?
• Should the government regulate the emissions of greenhouse gas emissions?
• Is our current rate of rainforest clearing (or ocean fishing, etc.) sustainable?
• Should wolves (or bison) be allowed to roam free in the western states?
• Which types of animals possess consciousness (or reasoning, language, emotion,
• It is ethically acceptable to raise animals for food on factory farms?
• Should people be required to spay/neuter pets?
Science and Reality:
• Is there evidence for non-physically explainable phenomena being real (ESP, auras,
astrology, ghosts, etc.)?
• Is intelligent design science?
• Is the ‘cry it out’ method good for babies?
• What methods of discipline have been shown to be best for child development?
• Is breast feeding better than formula in all cases?
• Are children raised with opposite-sex parents better off in general than those raised
with same-sex parents?
• Should ‘junk food’ be allowed in public school vending machines?
• Should sex education be taught in public schools?
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