Expert Answer:Alternative Method for Carbon Capture Method Execu

  

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Running Head: ALTERNATIVE FOR METHOD FOR CARBON CAPTURE METHOD
Report on Alternative Method for Carbon Capture Method
Student Name
Institutional Affiliation
1
ALTERNATIVE FOR METHOD FOR CARBON CAPTURE METHOD
2
REPORT
TO: Carbon Engineering Ltd
FROM: (Senior CHE student)
DATE: 3/26/19
SUBJECT: Alternative that minimizes CO2 capture cost during CO2 disposal
Carbon emissions bring about the increase in temperatures associated with global
warming. According to Cuéllar-Franca & Azapagic (2015), CO2 disposal method has not lived
up to the expectations of reducing carbon emissions. The carbon dioxide capture costs such as
utilities and amortized capital values are also factors that make the technique expensive to apply.
The purpose of this report was to offer an alternative to carbon capture method other than Carbon
disposal method that is being used by Carbon Engineering Ltd. In order to lower the CO2
capture costs, the electro-reduction of carbon dioxide (ERC) method was recommended as it
proved to be the best alternative and a more cost-effective way of CO2 capture compared to the
CO2 disposal method used by the company.
The objective of ERC is taking CO2 from industries and then converting it to formic acid
and formate salts (Dominguez-Ramos et al., 2015). The two byproducts get reused for industrial
applications. The use of formic acid also offers a crucial role for doing fuel cell development,
whereby it is used as direct fuel and as a fuel storage material for hydrogen when it is released
on-demand. With the capability of providing net revenue per CO2 replaced, the use of ERC
method compared to carbon capture method offers a positive return on investment. According to
Williams (2018), ERC is less costly than the CO2 disposal because recycling of industrial CO2
ALTERNATIVE FOR METHOD FOR CARBON CAPTURE METHOD
3
offers a range of biofuels such methanol from CO2 from thermochemical conversion, and
through solar photocatalytic conversion to get biocatalytic fuel. Focus on price reduction allows
ERC to beat what carbon dioxide capture can offer despite the quantity of carbon dioxide from
industries that are stored. The continued storage of the gas leads to wastage of land since the area
where the tanks are dug into, the ground cannot get used due to the possibility of the carbon
dioxide sipping through and escaping into the atmosphere
Being a risky solution for carbon reduction, CO2 disposal is also expensive not like ERC
which offers a cheap and return on invest solution since it provides by-products that are used as
fuel (Lei et al., 2016). The use of biodegradable fuel from the industrial carbon dioxide also
provides a solution for carbon dioxide emissions done by vehicles that use inorganic fuel. The
by-products are used as fuel for vehicles. It offers a solution for both industrial and motor vehicle
industry. When in use, the biodegradable fuels such as increases the efficiency of the machines
that use the fuel and engines of cars. The fuel combustion allows the release of energy in
significant amounts while the fuel used is less.
The table below compares the strategies in CO2 capture, areas of application, advantages,
as well as disadvantages of the two approaches
Strategy
Carbon Capture
Method
Area of application
Applied in areas
where large emission
of CO2 happens
Advantages
1. Can deal with
large
quantities of
CO2 at a time.
2. The fast
reduction
offers
improvement
of heat
conditions.
3. Does not
need a lot of
Disadvantages
1. The cost of
construction
for
underground
tanks is
expensive
(CuéllarFranca &
Azapagic,
2015).
2. The tanks
may collapse
ALTERNATIVE FOR METHOD FOR CARBON CAPTURE METHOD
maintenance.
Electro-reduction of
carbon dioxide
Applied in areas that
need to reuse carbon
dioxide.
or let the air
out.
3. The pipes that
carry carbon
dioxide may
leak the gas.
1. Allows the
reuse of CO2
2. It is a quick
process that
turns carbon
dioxide to
biodegradable
by-products
1. The method
requires a lot
of electricity.
2. It is
cumbersome
how
transportation
of carbon is
done from
industry to
electroreduction
plant.
The table below summarizes the costs of using CO2 disposal method compared to use of ERC
method as an alternative to minimizing carbon dioxide capture costs, and the costs are in Euros.
Essentially, the ERC proves to have a higher ROI and being cost-effective, and also has a lower
capital cost required compared to CO2 disposal method.
Costs
CO2 disposal
ERC method
Required capital (€/kW-net)
3812
3134
Costs of O&M (M €/yr)
186
140
Electricity cost (€/MWh)
123
150
Patent
120
89
Avoided CO2 cost (€/tonne
114
145
CO2)
4
ALTERNATIVE FOR METHOD FOR CARBON CAPTURE METHOD
5
References
Dominguez-Ramos, A., Singh, B., Zhang, X., Hertwich, E. G., & Irabien, A. (2015). Global
warming footprint of the electrochemical reduction of carbon dioxide to formate. Journal
of Cleaner Production, 104, 148-155.
Williams, G. (2018). 9th Carbon Dioxide Utilisation Summit 2017. Johnson Matthey
Technology Review, 62(4), 389-394.
Cuéllar-Franca, R. M., & Azapagic, A. (2015). Carbon capture, storage and utilization
technologies: A critical analysis and comparison of their life cycle environmental
impacts. Journal of CO2 utilization, 9, 82-102.
Lei, F., Liu, W., Sun, Y., Xu, J., Liu, K., Liang, L., … & Xie, Y. (2016). Metallic tin quantum
sheets confined in graphene toward high-efficiency carbon dioxide electro-reduction.
Nature Communications, 7, 12697.

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