Expert Answer:Complete discussion question


Solved by verified expert:I have attached the file below. please read the discussion lecture and complete the discussion question which is on the last page. The post must be minimum of 2 paragraphs. The topic is about sports/cultures. Complete the post from a guys perspective.I have attached reading well.


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So the second half of this chapter gives us a little more information about the process
rather than just the options the athletes face as they exit their student athlete roles.
As the students leave college behind they being to reflect on losing their identity as a
college athlete. Some of the players that the Adlers studied became anxious about the
future. This was especially true for those from ghetto backgrounds, which makes sense
considering that may have less social, economic, and symbolic capital than their middle
or upper-class peers.
The loss of the athlete role came as a shock to some and they were unprepared for life
after college athletics. All of the sudden they felt invisible. But, why were they so
unprepared? In some cases, the athletes didn’t grow up because the coach lived their
lives for them. While it may benefit the team and the player in the short term to allow the
coach to live the players’ lives for them, it doesn’t help the player in the long run. Sadly,
once the ride ends, the college athletes find themselves having to deal with practical
problems on their own. Problems they never had to deal with before. Where will they
live, how will they feed, clothe, or shelter themselves. The abrupt shift from being taken
care of to have to fend from themselves was difficult.
I’ve seen this in my research and in my personal experiences within the world of
skateboarding. My hypothesis is while the coaches/managers may engage in some
malicious plot to keep the athletes dependent on the managers, it is more likely that the
managers are trying to be helpful in the short term, but this short term help has long
term consequences. It may just be easier to keep the athletes happy by doing
everything for them rather than allowing/teaching everyone to think for themselves, but
this harms the athletes in the long run. I remember the first time I ever went out with a
pro/am skateboard team, I felt like I was at a 10-year-old’s birthday party. One of the
guys on the team (about 19 or 20 years old) was unable to purchase his own shoes (the
team manager actually had to do that thumb on the toe of the shoe thing to see if the
skater’s shoes fit properly), the team manager ordered our food for us at Subway like
we were toddlers, the team manager drove us from spot to spot, and after we arrived at
the spot the skaters got stoned as the team manager and photographer got everything
set for them. Keeping the skaters in an infant like role harmed the skaters in the long
term, but it made the immediate day-to-day aspects of life easier to manage. Having 7
independent people all wanting to do their own thing is an exhausting thing to manage,
but having 7 dependent people who must rely on someone to exist ends up being
relatively easy to manage.
Moreover, upon exiting, the athletes went from being celebrities to nobodies overnight.
One basketball player noted, “Everyone knew me and then no one knew me.” A
professional BMXer told me the same thing a few years back when I was interviewing
him about his life. He said, “It was strange. I went from having people coming up talking
to me, wanting to be my friend, and wanting to impress me to needing to learn how to
initiate conversation with other people. It was strange because I was so used to others
coming up to me.” The transition from celebrity to normal can be difficult and it can be a
relatively big shock for some athletes. However, on the flip side, losing the status of an
elite athlete can bring an intense feeling of freedom. One basketball player noted, “I feel
more comfortable.” Similarly, one of my former professional skaters told me, “It feels so
good not to involved in the skateboard industry, I can actually enjoy skateboarding
again.” The shift from somebody to nobody may be a weight off the athletes’ shoulders
and allow them to pursue new opportunities or simply enjoy their sport again.
Our authors go on to discuss the notion of a role exit. I think this is rather important
concept and one that some of you may want to really think about (and re-read in the
chapter). Role exits = the process by which individuals disengage from one role and
enter another. For many this is a gradual process of withdrawing commitment and
attachment from a role and entering a new role. This process starts with doubts, moves
on to seeking/weighing alternatives, then encountering a turning point, and finally
establishing a new identity. However, college players are relatively unique as they are
forced to exit their roles, they cannot return, and their exit may require radical
transformation. What role exits have you gone through? Did this sequence of events
correlate with your experience? What was different?
Detaching from the role may be difficult and some players felt the loss more than others.
Some had difficulty detaching emotionally from the role and the dream. Looking back
some viewed their college years as the apex of their lives. Darin told the researchers
that he dreamed of returning to his junior year. Some attempted to return to basketball,
which, surprisingly, was met with disappointment by some of their peers. Throughout
their careers they were rewarded for putting the athlete role above all others, but now
the former athletes were judged by how well they could disengage from the role. If one
cannot set aside the role of athlete, he may be viewed as a failure. For example, Rob
Green left his job as a successful salesman to get a low paying job as an assistant
coach. His peers were not thrilled with his relapse into basketball and extremely
disappointed that he did not remain with the role of successful salesman.
Within the soc of sport there were four dominant theories about how athletes
disengaged from their athlete role. The first theory hypothesized that the
disengagement is difficult and the players are likely to fall into depression and struggle
to adjust to life after sports. The second theory argued that elite athletes do not make an
abrupt cut off from their sport, instead they continue involvement in two ways. A) they
decrease their sport time and/or B) the reduce their level of competition. These
techniques buffer the shock of an abrupt role exit. Third, some argue that athletes find
their new lives as freeing. They no longer need to deal with the pressures and burdens
of being an elite athlete. Finally, some hypothesized that since sport careers are short,
the athletes quickly transition into a new role (This last theory seems the most flawed to
me. I think it is tough to argue that elite athletes have short careers. If they start playing
in middle school (or earlier) and train for the next 11 years of their lives, that isn’t exactly
a short career, it is one that happens to end early in life, which is a very different than a
short career).
Opposed to these limited theories, the Adlers found that there were three types of exits
from college basketball. First, the players exited college basketball, but remained
heavily involved in athletics; second, some left college basketball, but remained
involved in some manner (the majority played recreationally); and, finally, some left the
NCAA and had no further involvement with sports. Those in the last group were simply
fed up with the game, upset that the former supporters turned their backs on them, or
were injured and they couldn’t play anymore. There wasn’t any single way to exit. I
won’t bore you with the details of my research on skaters exits from skateboarding, but
my research aligned relatively well with what the Adlers’ found in their study of college
players. There was no single way to exit skateboarding.
For today’s discussion, I want you to react to the second half of this chapter and discuss
a role exit that you’ve experienced or describe the role exit of a peer. Did you got
through the stages that authors describe? Did you completely disassociate with the
former role/activity? NOTE: Please do not share anything super intimate. Please
keep things light. I just want you to practice using the concept of a role-exit. (Also,
it might be smart to think about your own role-exit that is coming relatively soon. You will
all be exiting the role of student fairly soon, will you be prepared to adjust into your next
role? Should you schedule an appointment with the career center this week? Should
you re-write/update your resume? Should you be looking for internships in your field?)
For example, I’ve oscillated in and out of my skate identity many times. One of my major
attempts at exiting was when I first moved to Toronto. I had doubted my role in the
Buffalo scene because my peer group fractured into two rival factions and being around
either group was unpleasant. I simply wasn’t enjoying skateboarding or skate subculture
in Buffalo. So, I started seeking alternatives. I wasn’t sure what I wanted but I knew my
time in the local scene was over. I just needed an out. My turning point came when a
professor at the University of Toronto suggested that I move up to Toronto and study
with her for a semester. This was exactly what I needed, so I moved up to Toronto and
began my exit from being a skater. I stopped trying to go skate with the dudes who were
filming parts, I stopped hanging out at the local shop, and I just casually rolled around at
the local park while focusing on my studies. Transitioning out of being a skater was a
huge relief. It was like a weight was off my shoulders and I no longer had to deal with
the politics of or pressures of skateboarding. I found myself settling into the role of a
committed student. This went on for about a year, until I fell back into the role of a
skater when I was offered the opportunity to write for a skate magazine.
Rodolfo Castellon
RE: Blackboards and Backboards (2/2)
One role exit that I have experienced is withdrawing myself from the bodybuilding scene. I began serious weight
lifting at the age of 20 but had lifted inconsistently throughout the age of 14. During a period of three years, I
weightlifted every day, sometimes twice a day, 6 days a week. It was who I was. The day I did not go to the gym
due to conflicting work schedules or unexpected events, I would feel empty as if my body asked for me to go to the
gym. With bodybuilding comes the mentality of pushing your body to extremes to get it as defined as possible.
Going as far as trying multiple fat burners, caffeine, and other weight-shedding techniques, my body was hurt. My
kidneys began to hurt, and my heart would pound off my chest. I went to the doctor and was told I was having preheart attack symptoms due to all the supplements I was taking. This was an eye opener for me, and I withdrew
myself from weightlifting, and all its alpha male mentalities that come with it. To this date, I still lift weights but no
where near the extreme that I used to. I still have doubts and remorse of how I could have looked if I would have
continued to train to that intensity. Now wiser, I lift for muscle functionality and not size. Role exits can be hard, but
often they are activities that help shape our present selves. Even now, I still think about whether my exit was the
right move or not, and at times, I go back and forth with it, but am still around lifting weights, just not to the same
extreme as before.

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