Expert Answer:ENG 225 Ashford Impact of overtime and extended wo

  

Solved by verified expert:Complete the Week 5 assignment by following the instructions, rubrics, and sample provided here: https://padlet.com/natascha_gast/ENGL225CourseProjectThis assignment is part of your final project. You will complete another section in week 7 and then develop the whole final in week 8. The week 5 details are pasted below:Your Week 5 project proposal memo must include the following:A brief description of your audience for your business report (Who would really receive this report and be able to act on it? That’s your audience!)An explanation of your purpose, including at least three reasons/benefits of the proposed change you will support in your business reportA list of the 4-6 professional sources you will use for your business report cited in either MLA or APA style (This list should be integrated as part of the memo to explain how you will support your recommendation, such as “The following sources will be used to support the recommendation: ”)The Week 5 memo should be 1-2 single-spaced pages and formatted as a professional memo.Purpose and Audience: The audience is your instructor. The purpose is to confirm that your audience, purpose, plan, and research are appropriate for the business report and presentation and to receive feedback from the instructor concerning your plan for those later assignments.
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Course Project
Parts
The course project has 3 parts:
1. Project Proposal Memo – Due Week 5
2. Business Report – Due Week 7
3. Business Presentation – Due Week 8
Directions
Create a professional business report and presentation to recommend a change to
a real business or organization.
Some organizational decisions require a lot of research and consideration. After all, if a
company is going to spend time or money on something, the company needs to know that
there will be benefits.
For the course project, YOU must research one such decision and recommend whether it
should be done or not!
Choose ONE of the following options:


propose changing a process, policy, or vendor, such as purchasing or leasing new
equipment, moving locations, providing a telecommuting option, etc. for a real
company or organization of your choosing.
propose a course, club, or service for APUS.
Imagine you are really going to give this report and presentation to real people to choose
whether to act on your recommendation! You must determine who would be responsible for
acting on your recommendation and address your report to that audience.
You must address the REAL situation of that audience! For instance, you can’t recommend
to a company to offer a telecommuting option if that company already offers a
telecommuting option. You can’t recommend a company begin offering dental benefits
unless you can show that the company can afford to offer dental benefits.
Research
Because you are proposing a real change for a real company/organization, you will need to
research that company/organization. Public institutions (like schools or police departments)
as well as publicly-traded companies make public a lot of policies and financial documents,
like budgets. If you work(ed) for an organization, you may need to use non-confidential
information about the company as part of the report as well.
As you choose your topic, do some preliminary research to make sure you will be able to
find professional sources to support your recommendation!
The APUS Library provides access to many industry journals and publications for managers
and leaders who share ideas and outcomes from their experiences in specific industries or
management in general. Those publications should be the main sources for your research!
The goal of research is to find evidence that your proposal has worked at similar companies
or under near similar conditions. Find expert opinions or statistics to help demonstrate that
your suggestions will actually have the outcomes you propose they will because, based on
research, similar outcomes have actually happened or experts believe that such outcomes
would happen (even if not directly observed by those experts… yet).
You will probably find that no single source has written about your exact proposal. (This
isn’t an academic essay, after all, arguing for or against a political issue, something that
many sources have written about!) Instead, you will need to find relevant expert opinions
and statistics that relate to specific aspects of your proposal.
For instance, if you are proposing a flexible scheduling option be adopted by your company,
then you would review industry publications specific to your target audience’s industry
and/or general managerial or leadership journals (and there are many of those).
Perhaps you want to show the impact of certain types of schedules on injuries, then this
source might be helpful:
Dembe, A. E., et al. “The Impact of Overtime and Long Work Hours on Occupational
Injuries and Illnesses: New Evidence from the United States.” Occupational
and Environmental Medicine, vol. 62, no. 9, 2005, pp. 588–597.,
doi:10.1136/oem.2004.016667.
Perhaps you want to show the impact of scheduling on employee morale, then this source
might be useful:
Jang, Soo Jung, et al. “The Interaction Effects of Scheduling Control and Work–Life
Balance Programs on Job Satisfaction and Mental Health.” International
Journal of Social Welfare, vol. 20, no. 2, 2011, pp. 135–143.,
doi:10.1111/j.1468-2397.2010.00739.x.
Perhaps you want to discuss strategies for optimal scheduling, then this source might be
useful:
Lesnard, Laurent, and Man Yee Kan. “Investigating Scheduling of Work: a Two-Stage
Optimal Matching Analysis of Workdays and Workweeks.” Journal of the Royal
Statistical Society. Series A (Statistics in Society), vol. 174, no. 2, 2011, pp.
349–368., doi:10.1111/j.1467-985X.2010.00670.x.
Perhaps you want to propose a new process for scheduling a field workforce, then this
source might be useful:
Alsheddy, Abdullah, and Edward P. K. Tsang. “Empowerment Scheduling for a Field
Workforce.” Journal of Scheduling, vol. 14, no. 6, 2011, pp. 639–654.,
doi:10.1007/s10951-011-0232-2.
(Notice too that there exists an entire journal that is dedicated ONLY to scheduling issues! If
writing about this topic, you might want to browse that journal’s articles specifically to see
what issues concerning scheduling are being addressed and how you might relate some of
those issue to your proposal about allowing flexible scheduling as your proposal for your
target company.)
Requirements
Your Week 5 project proposal memo must include the following:



A brief description of your audience for your business report (Who would really
receive this report and be able to act on it? That’s your audience!)
An explanation of your purpose, including at least three reasons/benefits of the
proposed change you will support in your business report
A list of the 4-6 professional sources you will use for your business report cited in
either MLA or APA style (This list should be integrated as part of the memo to explain
how you will support your recommendation, such as “The following sources will be
used to support the recommendation: ”)
The Week 5 memo should be 1-2 single-spaced pages and formatted as a professional
memo.
Purpose and Audience: The audience is your instructor. The purpose is to confirm that your
audience, purpose, plan, and research are appropriate for the business report and
presentation and to receive feedback from the instructor concerning your plan for those
later assignments.
Your Week 7 business report must include the following:








A title page
A cover letter, which should have a summary section to introduce yourself and the
purpose of the report, a background section to explain why the reader should be
interested in this report, a details section that summarizes the report’s major
findings/conclusions, and an action section that invites the reader to do something
with the report and/or provides ways to contact you for more discussion of the report
or its implementation
A table of contents
An executive summary
4-7 pages of discussion (introduction, discussion sections, and
conclusion/recommendations)
A works cited (MLA) or references (APA) page with 4-8 sources appropriate for a
professional audience (Be sure to use these sources and provide appropriate MLA or
APA in-text citations for these sources in the discussion section too!)
At least 1 appendix
At least 1 technical illustration, such as a chart, graph, or image, that you created
(i.e., not an image copy/pasted from another source)***
***The technical illustration should be in the body of the report and not in the appendix.
Both the technical illustration and the appendix must have textual references included, such
as “Appendix A shows…” or “Figure 1 demonstrates…”
The Week 7 business report should be 4-7 pages (from the first page of the introduction to
the last page of the conclusion/recommendations sections, so this page count does not
include the cover letter, table of contents, appendix, etc.).
Use SINGLE spacing for all business writing, including this report!
The Week 7 business report must be professionally formatted as demonstrated in this
Pearson Business Report Sample (the sample report begins on page 208).
Purpose and Audience: The purpose of this report is to make a practical and realistic
proposal to an audience about a change or proposed idea that the audience could actually
act upon. The audience is whomever would really be responsible for acting upon your
report’s recommendation.
Your Week 8 business presentation must include the following:


At least 1 technical illustration that you created
At least 1 citation of borrowed information in the discussion with a Works Cited or
References slide at the end
The Week 8 business presentation has no length requirement, but there should be at least 7
PowerPoint slides.
Follow the grading rubric below carefully for crafting your presentation’s content and design!
Purpose and Audience: The purpose of this presentation is to present your report in a
summary or simplified form for the same audience who received the report. Think of the
presentation as if the audience has read the report but now has scheduled an in-person or
virtual live meeting for you to present the report’s ideas to others so that everyone can then
decide whether to act on the report’s recommendation.
Suggested Timeline
Week 2: Decide on a topic, purpose, and audience.
Week 3: Research. Gather information that will support your report’s proposal.
Week 4: Continue research and begin organizing the structure of your report (headings for
main ideas, conclusions, appendix information, etc.)
Week 5: Submit proposal memo.
Week 6: Use instructor feedback on proposal memo to revise/refocus report.
Week 7: Submit completed business report.
Week 8: Submit completed business presentation (using instructor feedback on business
report).
Grading Rubrics
Week 5 Proposal Memo
Topic
20
Rationale
20
Memo and
Resources format
20
Resources
20
Mechanics and Style
20
17-20
13-16
10-12
Student provides a
brief and focused
description of their
proposed
topic
Student statement
lacks some focus
and could benefit
from more precise
thought and
revisions.
Student statement
lacks focus and
could be more
precise.
2-3 errors in the
memo format
Statement is vague
and/or confusing.
Student provides 23 resources. Only
1or 2 of the
resources are
scholarly
Student provides 1
or less resources;
none of them are
scholarly
2-3 errors and /or
writing style may be
lacking in a number
of ways. Writing
may seem hurried
or too wordy, for
example. Use of
vocab could
improve with
further effort and
revisions
4 or more errors
and/or writing style
clearly needs work
with little effort put
into the sentences.
Student provides a
clear statement
about the purpose
of their topic
Student follows
correct rules for
memo format
Student provides a
list of 4-5 excellent
resources for their
particular project. 2
of these are
scholarly
Student work is free
of mechanical
errors. Student uses
a lively writing style
with thoughtful
vocab choices.
Sentences that are
engaging and well
written.
Statement is vague
and/or confusing.
4 or more errors in
format
Week 7 Business Report
ENGL225
Week 7: Final Formal
Report
Gradable Items
Cover Letter:
Summary, Background,
Details, and Action sections in
business letter format.
Summary:
• Identifies the purpose and
Tot.
Pts.
Possible
100
(15%)
Tot.
Pts.
Earned
Pts.
Possible
Pts.
Earned
3
5
Comments
most important features of
the report
• States the main conclusions
• Sometimes makes a
recommendation
Table of Contents (TOC):
TOC lists the correct section
names and page numbers.
3
Introduction (includes the
following):
• Purpose—Explains why the
project was carried out and
the report written. This is the
thesis.
• Scope—Defines the
parameters of the report,
describes the ground covered
by the report, and outlines the
methods of investigations. If
needed, discusses limiting
factors.
• Background—Includes facts
readers must know if they are
to fully understand the
discussion that follows.
10
Discussion:
Appropriate headings used to
make content easy to find.
Content is logical and well
supported.
Organization is appropriately
structured for chronological,
subject, or concept
development.
15
Conclusion and
Recommendations:
(Note that a conclusion is
required, but a
recommendations section may
or may not be part of the
report, depending on whether
the discussion and conclusions
indicate more work needs to
be done.)
Conclusion:
• States the major conclusions
that can be drawn from the
discussion.
• Does not introduce new
material or evidence to
support your argument.
• Conclusions put in
decreasing order of
importance.
Recommendations:
• Recommendation is written
in strong, definite terms to
convince readers that the
course of action is valid. Use
first person and active verbs.
• No new evidence or new
ideas are introduced. Relies
only on previously presented
evidence in the discussion and
conclusions.
15
Technical Illustration (At
least one ORIGINAL):
• simple & uncluttered
• depicts one main point
• positioned close to narrative
• labeled with at figure or
table number and title,
caption, or comments located
beneath
• referred to at least once in
report
15
Appendix:
• Contains related data not
necessary to an immediate
understanding of the
discussion.
• Placement is determined by
which is mentioned first,
second, third, etc.
• Called out in body of the
report to alert reader of
presence at end.
• Appendices are paginated
and labeled appropriately
(Appendix A, Appendix B,
etc.).
7
Citations:
• Works Cited (MLA) or
References (APA) page
contains each source that is
used in the in-text citations.
• In-text citations provided for
each sentence of borrowed
information in the report that
is not common knowledge.
• All citations are in correct
MLA or APA format.
10
Writing Style and
Correctness of Expression:
• Report uses effective writing
techniques, such as
parallelism, unity, coherence,
etc.
• The Six Cs are used
effectively.
• There are no grammar,
punctuation, spelling, or
mechanical errors.
Format:
Pages of the report are
formatted and organized
according to the posted
criteria.
TOTAL POINTS
10
7
100
Week 8 Business Presentation
The slides support the main points
/15
…enhances the writer’s written report
/12
…contains parallelism in writing and formatting
/13
…uses an easy-to-read font
/13
…does not use slides full of sentences
/12
…uses visuals
/15
The presentation reflects a correctness of
expression
/20
Course Project
Parts
The course project has 3 parts:
1. Project Proposal Memo – Due Week 5
2. Business Report – Due Week 7
3. Business Presentation – Due Week 8
Directions
Create a professional business report and presentation to recommend a change to a real
business or organization.
Some organizational decisions require a lot of research and consideration. After all, if a
company is going to spend time or money on something, the company needs to know that there
will be benefits.
For this project, you must research one such decision and recommend why it should be
accepted and implemented.
Choose ONE of the following options:


propose changing a process, policy, or vendor, such as purchasing or leasing new
equipment, moving locations, providing a telecommuting option, etc. for a real company
or organization of your choosing.
propose a course, club, or service for APUS.
Imagine you are really going to give this report and presentation to real people to choose
whether to act on your recommendation! You must determine who would be responsible for
acting on your recommendation and address your report to that audience.
You must address the REAL situation of that audience! For instance, you can’t recommend to a
company to offer a telecommuting option if that company already offers a telecommuting option.
You can’t recommend a company begin offering dental benefits unless you can show that the
company can afford to offer dental benefits.
Research
Because you are proposing a real change for a real company/organization, you will need to
research that company/organization. Public institutions (like schools or police departments) as
well as publicly-traded companies make public a lot of policies and financial documents, like
budgets. If you work(ed) for an organization, you may need to use non-confidential information
about the company as part of the report as well.
As you choose your topic, do some preliminary research to make sure you will be able to find
professional sources to support your recommendation!
The APUS Library provides access to many industry journals and publications for managers and
leaders who share ideas and outcomes from their experiences in specific industries or
management in general. Those publications should be the main sources for your research!
The goal of research is to find evidence that your proposal has worked at similar companies or
under near similar conditions. Find expert opinions or statistics to help demonstrate that your
suggestions will actually have the outcomes you propose they will because, based on research,
similar outcomes have actually happened or experts believe that such outcomes would happen
(even if not directly observed by those experts… yet).
You will probably find that no single source has written about your exact proposal. (This isn’t an
academic essay, after all, arguing for or against a political issue, something that many sources
have written about!) Instead, you will need to find relevant expert opinions and statistics that
relate to specific aspects of your proposal.
For instance, if you are proposing a flexible scheduling option be adopted by your company,
then you would review industry publications specific to your target audience’s industry and/or
general managerial or leadership journals (and there are many of those).
Perhaps you want to show the impact of certain types of schedules on injuries, then this
source might be helpful:
Dembe, A. E., et al. “The Impact of Overtime and Long Work Hours on Occupational
Injuries and Illnesses: New Evidence from the United States.” Occupational and
Environmental Medicine, vol. 62, no. 9, 2005, pp. 588-597., doi: 10.1136/oem.
2004.016667.
Perhaps you want to show the impact of scheduling on employee morale, then this source might
be useful:
Jang, Soo Jung, et al. “The Interaction Effects of Scheduling Control and Work-Life
Balance Programs on Job Satisfaction and Mental Health.” International Journal
of Social Welfare, vol. 20, no. 2, 2011, pp. 135-143., doi: 10.1111/j. 14682397.2010.00739.x.
Perhaps you want to discuss strategies for optimal scheduling, then this source might be
useful:
Lesnard, Laurent, and Man Yee Kan. “Investigating Scheduling of Work: a Two-Stage
Optimal Matching Analysis of Workdays and Workweeks.” Journal of the Royal
Statistical Society. Series A (Statistics in Society), vol. 174, no. 2, 2011, pp. 349368., doi: 10.1111/j. 1467-985X.2010.00670.x.
Perhaps you want to propose a new process for scheduling a field workforce, then this
source might be useful:
Alsheddy, Abdullah, and Edward P. K. Tsang. “Empowerment Scheduling for a Field
Workforce.” Journal of Scheduling, vol. 14, no. 6, 2011, pp. 639-654., doi:
10.1007/sl0951-011-0232-2.
(Notice too that there exists an entire journal that is dedicated ONLY to scheduling issues! If
writing about this topic, you might want to browse that journal’s articles specifically to see
what issues concerning scheduling are being addressed and how you might relate some of
those issue to your proposal about allowing flexible scheduling as your proposal for your target
company.)
Requirements
Your Week 5 project proposal memo must include the following:



A brief description of your audience for your business report (Who would really
receive this report and be able to act on it? That’s your audience!)
An explanation of your purpose, including at least three reasons/benefits of the
proposed change you w …
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