Solved by verified expert:USE ATTACHED FILE FOR THE INFORMATION BELOW.****Reflect on the dilemmas you may be faced with in your professional life and assess what are the most important values to you in your professional life. Create a professional ethics statement to guide your professional life.Reflect on which values are the most important to you in your work life. Keep the statement simple and clear. Whether you are writing a short statement or a longer reflection, make sure you use words that you understand and have meaning for you. Keep your statement positive. Focus on your strengths and your ethical aspirations. Your professional statement should touch upon who you are (your character) and the values that have a significant positive impact on your work life. Defend your statement.AFTER YOU WRITE YOUR PROFESSIONAL ETHICAL STATEMENT: Look back at the information about your primary/preferred lens: Write a short statement of how well the professional ethics statement reflects the core values and areas of growth for that lens. Include a discussion how you might best deal with your blind spot.Compare and contrast your ethical lens perspective with at least one other lens and how you might respect those differences. Example statement shells: [Choose two to four values] serve as the foundation for my work life …. To follow these values I [specific behaviors that show how you live by these values] to live out my core ethical principles. I choose to live my work life applying [choose two to four values] and I express these values by [specific behaviors that show how you live by these values] to build a strong ethical character. I value [choose two to four values] because [reasons why these values are important to you]. Accordingly, I will [what you can do to live by these values] to build strong, fair relationships within my work environment. I live each day with [choose two to four values] so that [what living by these values will give you]. I will do this by [specific behaviors you will use to live by these values] to achieve my ethical goals. IDEAS TO PRIME THE PUMP Include behaviors and character traits that you consider particularly important or ones you want to develop further. Be creative and come up with your own words so that your statement reflects who you are.
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Ethical Lens Inventory
Your preferred ethical lens is: Relationship Lens
Considered Rationality and Mild Equality (CRME)
Members of the community use their reasoning skills (rationality) to determine what processes and systems should be put into place
to assure fairness and justice for all in the community (equality).
Your Primary Values show how you prioritize the tension
between rationality and sensibility as well as autonomy and
Your primary values are Rationality and Equality
You have a considered preference for the value of rationality (CR)—following your head—over sensibility—following your heart. As a
CR, your commitment to careful thinking provides considerable guidance as you seek the truth. and continuously striving to apply
universal principles that result in justice and fairness to every facet of your personal and community life.
You have a mild preference for the value of equality (ME)—respecting the community—over autonomy—giving priority to the
individual. As an ME, you want the institutions of your community to ensure that those in authority do not abuse their power and those
who are on the margins are not forgotten while honoring individual choice and responsibility. You hold others accountable for living into
their roles for the betterment of the whole community.
Pay attention to your beliefs, attitudes, and behaviors.
The first step to ethical agility and maturity is to carefully read the description of your own ethical lens. While you may resonate with
elements of other lenses, when you are under stress or pressure, you’ll begin your ethical analysis from your home lens. So, becoming
familiar with both the gifts and the blind spots of your lens is useful. For more information about how to think about ethics as well as
hints for interpreting your results, look at the information under the ELI Essentials and Exploring the ELI on the menu bar.
Understanding Your Ethical Lens
Over the course of history, four different ethical perspectives, which we call the Four Ethical Lenses, have guided people in making
ethical decisions. Each of us has an inherited bias towards community that intersects with our earliest socialization. As we make
sense of our world, we develop an approach to ethics that becomes our ethical instinct—our gut reaction to value conflicts. The
questions you answered were designed to determine your instinctual approach to your values preferences. These preferences
determine your placement on the Ethical Lens Inventory grid, seen on the right side of this page.
The dot on the grid shows which ethical lens you prefer and how strong that preference is. Those who land on or close to the center
point do not have a strong preference for any ethical lens and may instead resonate with an approach to ethics that is concerned with
living authentically in the world rather than one that privileges one set of values over another.
Each of the paragraphs below describes an ethical trait—a personal characteristic or quality that defines how you begin to approach
ethical problems. For each of the categories, the trait describes the values you believe are the most important as well as the reasons
you give for why you make particular ethical decisions.
To see how other people might look at the world differently, read the descriptions of the different ethical lenses under the tab Ethical
Lenses on the menu bar. The “Overview of the Four Ethical Lenses” can be printed to give you a quick reference document. Finally,
you can compare and contrast each ethical trait by reading the description of the trait found under the Traits menu. Comparing the
traits of your perspective to others helps you understand how people might emphasize different values and approach ethical dilemmas
As you read your ethical profile and study the different approaches, you’ll have a better sense of what we mean when we use the word
“ethics.” You’ll also have some insight into how human beings determine what actions are—or are not—ethical.
The Snapshot gives you a quick overview of your ethical
Your snapshot shows you building a fair community.
This ethical lens is called the Relationship Lens because people with this focus value having strong relationships within their
community and working to help those without resources or power. They care primarily about creating and living in a healthy and
The Relationship Lens represents the family of ethical theories known as justice theories, where to determine what actions are ethical,
you consider how the various community structures—such as businesses, schools, health care systems, and the various levels of
government—ensure that citizens are treated fairly and have access to needed resources.
Your Ethical Path is the method you use to become ethically
aware and mature.
Your ethical path is the Path of the Citizen.
On the ethical Path of the Citizen, you work with others and use collective reason to promote strong community structures and strive to
treat people fairly. The first element of justice is procedural justice: How do you make sure that people are treated fairly in the
community’s formal and informal institutional structures? The second side of justice is more problematic—distributive justice. These
conversations focus on who has access to stuff—health care, jobs, food, clean air and water, housing, and education—and who is
going to pay for it.
As you walk the Path of the Citizen, you pursue your quest for fairness and justice for all. You strive to find the ideal organizational and
community structures that provide the needed knowledge, power, and resources for all people to have a chance to thrive as they live
into their own sense of truth.
In the process, you expect that the world will make sense as you ground your principles in the human dignity of every person that
entitles each to the support and protection of strong community structures.
Your Vantage Point describes the overall perspective you
take to determine what behaviors best reflect your values.
The icon that represents your preferred vantage point is a set of binoculars.
Just as binoculars help you survey your surroundings, the Relationship Lens helps you focus on the playing field of your own community
as you seek justice for the people who live and work there, especially those without power.
Your Ethical Self is the persona the theorists invite you to
take on as you resolve the ethical problem.
Your ethical self is a person with knowledge of the situation but with no
Using the binoculars of the Relationship Lens, you think of your ethical self as someone who has information about the particular
circumstances of the situation but you don’t know which person or stakeholder you are. Relying on your imagination with the shared
vision of others in the community, you consider what systems and distribution of resources are needed for everyone to be treated fairly
and have equality of opportunity to succeed.
You strongly believe that members of the community should work together to make sure that, as appropriate, people have needed
resources to be able to make wise life choices. To that end, you work to make sure that those with power—freedom, knowledge, and
money—help those without power or access to resources. You also trust power will not be abused by either individuals or the
community leaders so that everyone’s rights as a human person will be honored.
Your Classical Virtue is the one of the four virtues
identified by Greek philosophers you find the most
important to embody.
Your classical virtue is Justice—ensuring that all in the community are treated
fairly and impartially.
As you seek ethical maturity, you know you should embrace justice, ensuring that all in the community are treated fairly, and begin to
listen to your heart to develop empathy for those affected by your decision.
Noticing the problems caused by arrogance and injustice, you welcome moderation in your commitment to justice to make your
actions be acceptable within a given context. You also strive to control your intolerance through developing empathy for others.
Your Key Phrase is the statement you use to describe your
Your key phrase is “I am fair.”
Because you value a strong community and want to be seen as a thoughtful and responsible citizen, you strive to treat all people the
same—regardless of race, religion, gender, sexual orientation, disability, age, or national origin.
As you give weight to your emotions as well as the collective wisdom, you begin to pay attention to how you use your personal power
to support others and help them get ahead. And, as you seek meaning in life by being part of a vibrant community, you resonate with
slogans like “think globally and act locally” as you consider how best to make a difference in your world.
Using the Relationship Lens
By prioritizing rationality and equality, the Relationship Lens provides a unique perspective on what specific actions count as being
ethical. This lens also has its own process for resolving ethical dilemmas. As you translate your overarching values into actions—
applied ethics—each perspective provides a particular nuance on what counts as ethical behavior. This next section describes how
you can use the Relationship Lens to resolve an ethical dilemma.
Deciding what is Ethical is the statement that describes
your preferred method for defining what behaviors and
actions are ethical.
Members of the community use their collective reason to design and implement
processes to provide justice for all.
With a considered preference for rationality, you rely on the collective reason to design and implement processes to provide justice for
all. With a mild preference for equality, you want to have fair processes so all people can fully participate in the community and not be
unfairly targeted or accused. You also care about distributive justice, where people have equitable access to goods of the community,
such as education, health care, employment, and clean air.
At the end of the day, you believe an action is ethical if creates a fair system for resolution of disputes; cares for all members and
institutions of the community, especially in the allocation of resources and power; and contributes to each member of the community
knowing that they are included as full participants in their political and economic life.
Your Ethical Task is the process you prefer to use to
resolve ethical dilemmas.
Your ethical task is to strive to ensure that all in the community are treated fairly
Your primary focus is seeking the Truth. As you gaze through this lens, in considered conversation with others, you follow the collective
wisdom—reason—to thoughtfully choose the principles, the ethical norms, that you believe will contribute to a just society. You have
faith that those who also seek the truth in community will agree on the same principles.
You also hope that as the community engages in conversation about the distribution of resources to various members of the
community, individuals with power and resources will share with those who are without, so all can be successful members of the
Your Analytical Tool is your preferred method for critically
thinking about ethical dilemmas.
Your preferred analytical tool is authority.
You determine what is true by exploring and vetting the best solutions advocated by community experts. Reasoning together to find the
best method to structure society, your goal is to use collective wisdom and expertise to find ways to equip those in the community in
need who desire to care for themselves.
Your Foundational Question helps you determine your
Your foundational question is “What is equitable?”
As you ask, “What is equitable?” you thoughtfully evaluate political, economic, and organizational systems to identify those that do not
meet basic thresholds of justice—fair-handed access to information, a voice in the situation, and sufficient resources to be able to
You know that without considering requirements for justice, the community may blindly accept societal structures that leave some
people—historically women and racial minorities as well as those without education or skills—without the personal resources or
power needed to be able to live a good life.
Your Aspirational Question helps you become more
Your aspirational question is “How can I care for those with no power?”
As you expand your perspective to include others, you develop empathy—using your reasoning skills and imagination when faced with
controversy or difficulties to ask, “What is a fair process for resolving this dilemma?” You want to hold people accountable for harming
others and care deeply about making sure that those without knowledge or power are treated fairly.
Your perspective shifts to include yourself as well as others as you seek a greater purpose in life than only strategizing on how to
harmonize your own as well as the community’s desires. You begin to moderate your considered preference for rationality and mild
preference for equality by asking, “What is my place in the web of life?” Asking this question allows you to develop perspective instead
of pettiness as you reflect on the fact that although we act individually, we are all profoundly interconnected—both environmentally and
Your Justification for Acting is the reason you give yourself
and others to explain your choice.
Your justification for acting is “I wanted to make sure everyone was treated
You like to explain your choices by announcing that, having thoughtfully considered your ethical obligations, you have taken action that
resulted in in measured use of power and a fair allocation of resources for everyone involved in the situation.
At your best, you responsibly use your power and pay attention to the needs of the least advantaged to help them get the resources
they need. You are also mindful of where you have received benefits and privilege—often by being born into a family with resources
and power or even just perhaps being part of the majority in your own community.
Strengths of the Relationship Lens
The ethical perspective of the Relationship Lens has been used by many to provide a map for ethical action as they seek to build fair
communities. Spirited conversations about the proper balance between equal opportunities to succeed and equal opportunities of
results are the hallmark of this particular lens. While communities have made provision for the poor and widowed among them, the
expectation is also clear that those who are able are expected to work.
Your Gift is the insight you provide yourself and others as
we seek to be ethical.
Your gift is advocacy.
As you engage in thoughtful conversation with those who are seeking justice, you speak for those without voice to make sure that
everyone’s perspective is brought forward in the decision-making process. You include all the stakeholders and consider their
interests. As you remember those without voice or power, you make sure that all are given respect and honored in the call to action.
Your Contemporary Value is the current ethical value you
most clearly embody.
Your contemporary value is to seek the common good.
You are committed to embodying civic values such as freedom and justice. That commitment considers equality—the right of people
to live in a community that treats them fairly and provides for them. You value people working together to have political, economic, and
organizational systems that treat all people with respect and equity.
As you move from public policy to private action, you begin to expand your community based understanding of the truth to also
consider the impact of your actions on individuals. As you and others in community consider the big picture, you find a systems-based
approach to ethics useful, assessing community gathered knowledge about how to develop equitable systems that will allow others to
develop trust in you and those in authority. At your best, you have a deep concern for those without power and are sensitive to the
misuse of power.
Your Secondary Values are those that logically flow from
your primary values.
As you harmonize rationality and equality, your secondary values focus on
using power wisely to care for the least advantaged.
The Path of the Citizen involves embracing consistency and equality. You impartially administer justice, making sure that the
processes and protocols of the community and organization are consistently, fairly, and impartially enforced, sometimes blaming
individual failure on a system or process failure. You value fairly compensating people as you believe that people should be paid fairly
for the work they do, wherever they are in the community hierarchy. Finally, you strive to consistently hold all people appropriately
accountable, as you believe that those with power should not be excused from their responsibilities. You also believe that those who
have no control over their situation should sometimes be forgiven for errors or problems.
Challenges of the Relationship Lens
One of the greatest challenges of the Relationship Lens is recognizing that you can never be perfectly rational because, as a human,
you regularly make decisions that are inconsistent with your stated beliefs and preferences. Those who have a considered preference
for rationality and a mild preference for equality are susceptible to the ethical blind spots of the Relationship Lens that come from
relying primarily on community consensus and deferring to authority.
Using the binoculars of the Relationship Lens helps avoid ethical blind spots that come from enmeshment in the community where
people are seen in the aggregate and the impact of your policies on individuals is easily overlooked.
Your Blind Spot is the place you are not ethically aware and
so may unintentionally make an ethical misstep.
Your blind spot is an overconfidence in process.
Because you want to be a good citizen, you can become a so focused on following the established processes that you forget that the
purpose of the system is to achieve justice and equality. Transfixed by getting the processes right, you may ignore the plight of those
who are lost in the system because you weren’t paying attention to individuals.
Being somewhat insensitive to the emotional climate of the situation, you may miss the signals that you receive from others that you
are creating or advocating for unworkable systems. Finally, trying to meet the requirements of your understanding of what is fair, you
may become rigid as you fail to reflect on the meaning and purpose behind the systems you have put in place.
Your Risk is where you may be overbearing by expecting
that people think just like you.
Your risk is being authoritarian, or in common terms, dictatorial.
Believing you know what is right, you run the risk of becoming autocratic and authoritarian to get your way. If you are not mindful, you
may become so attached to advancing your own position within the system that you abuse your power and abandon your commitment
to justice to reach the top.
As you become increasingly ambitious, you might use groupthink and emotional entrainment to blind others to your ambition. Because
those you represent often identify with your status and power, they may fail to hold you accountable for your excesses.
Your Double Standard is the rationalization you use to
justify unethical actions.
Your double standard is excusing yourself from following the processes.
Humans are skilled at deflecting blame if caught being unethical—taking actions that do not live into their own stated principles and
thus eroding trust in the community. As yo …
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