Expert Answer:Significant Contributions o Nightingale to Public

  

Solved by verified expert:Prior to working on this assignment, review your work on Part 1 of the Final Assignment from Week 3, and integrate any instructor feedback you received. Review the grading rubric for this assignment to fully understand the grading criteria. Additionally, these resources from Week 3 remain helpful:Assigned chapters in the textbookIntro to Epidemiology Study Types (Links to an external site.)Links to an external site.videoIntroduction to Epidemiology and Public Health (Links to an external site.)Links to an external site. videoCenters for Disease Control and Prevention (Links to an external site.)Links to an external site. websiteWorld Health Organization (Links to an external site.)Links to an external site. websiteThis is a continuation of your Final Assignment. In Week 3, you worked on Significant Contributions to Public Health Final Assignment Part 1. This week, Part 2 involves an analysis of how your individual’s contribution from the past continues to contribute to today’s public health system, and how it might guide future work within the industry. As you recall, in Week 3, you researched an individual and their contribution to community and public health. Now, you need to review the feedback given to you from Week 3 and make the necessary revisions to Part 1 of this project.Your Week 3 assignment should have included each of the following elements:Describe your selected person’s experience.Analyze the climate of the time period in terms of political, socioeconomic, environmental, and technological context in which this person worked.Examine the personal beliefs of your person that prompted this work.Examine how this individual overcame any adversities to succeed.Describe the final outcome of this individual’s contribution to community or public health.Explain what this person’s contribution did for overall community or public health at the time.Explain why this contribution was so important at that particular point in history.Use the outline below to organize your paper or presentation. Do not type the “Steps” into your paper or presentation. Rather, formulate a well thought out analysis with logical transitions as you would a professional paper or presentation. The grading rubric will be your guide for all the points you need to address in your final submission. Research and critical thinking is a large component of this project. You will curate resources to support your statements using proper APA Style (Links to an external site.)Links to an external site..This week you will be adding the second half to your project by completing the following steps:Step 1: Integrate Significant Contributions to Public Health Final Assignment Part 1 from Week 3, including any revisions based on feedback you received.Step 2: Examine the individual’s contribution to community or public health.Step 3: Analyze the impact of your individual’s contribution on today’s public health system.TIP: You are asking, “What happened as a result of this contribution at the national and community level?” For example, some elements you could address include:Did it change attitudes?Did it change protocols and policies?Did behavior change result?Did it add or eliminate laws?Step 4: Analyze how this contribution is still relevant today.TIP: Was this contribution only applicable at the time it occurred, or is it still applied today? Why or why not? Explain your response.Step 5: Examine how this contribution could support or be expanded for future community and public health benefits.TIP: Using solid critical thinking, look at the historical value of the contribution and examine how it could be used for the future (is it applicable to another health issue, can it lead to more policy change, could it promote advocacy work or public health laws, etc.).You have a choice of which format you wish to present your findings. You can choose either a written paper or a presentation format. Follow the instructions for the option you choose below.Option 1: Written Paper FormatThe Significant Contributions to Public Health Final Project, Part 2Must be six double-spaced pages in length (not including title and references pages and formatted according to APA style as outlined in the Ashford Writing Center’s APA Style(Links to an external site.)Links to an external site.Must include a separate title page with the following:Title of paperStudent’s nameCourse name and numberInstructor’s nameDate submittedFor further assistance with the formatting and the title page, refer to APA Formatting for Word 2013 (Links to an external site.)Links to an external site..Must utilize academic voice. See the Academic Voice (Links to an external site.)Links to an external site. resource for additional guidance.Must include an introduction and conclusion paragraph. Your introduction paragraph needs to end with a clear thesis statement that indicates the purpose of your paper.For assistance on writing Introductions & Conclusions (Links to an external site.)Links to an external site. as well as Writing a Thesis Statement (Links to an external site.)Links to an external site., refer to the Ashford Writing Center resources.Must use at least eight scholarly sources in addition to the course text.The Scholarly, Peer Reviewed, or Other Credible Sources (Links to an external site.)Links to an external site. table offers additional guidance on appropriate source types. The Ashford University Library is a great place to find resources. Watch the Quick n’ Dirty (Links to an external site.)Links to an external site. tutorial for research tips. If you have questions about whether a specific source is appropriate for this assignment, please contact your instructor. Your instructor has the final say about the appropriateness of a specific source for a particular assignment.Must document any information used from sources in APA style as outlined in the Ashford Writing Center’s Citing Within Your Paper (Links to an external site.)Links to an external site.Must include a separate references page that is formatted according to APA style as outlined in the Ashford Writing Center. See the Formatting Your References List (Links to an external site.)Links to an external site. resource in the Ashford Writing Center for specifications.Option 2: Presentation Format (with audio or with speaker’s notes)Must be at least 18 minutes in length, or 18 to 20 slides (not including title and reference slides) with at least 100 words in the presenter’s notes for each slide. You may want to look at How to Make a PowerPoint Presentation (Links to an external site.)Links to an external site. to get started. Pay attention to APA Style (Links to an external site.)Links to an external site. and formatting in this “how to” guide. APA guidelines are required in presentations and any scholarly work you create.Must include a separate title slide with the following:Title of presentationStudents nameCourse name and numberInstructor’s nameDate submittedMust utilize academic voice. See the Academic Voice (Links to an external site.)Links to an external site. resource for additional guidance.Must include an introduction and conclusion paragraph. Your introduction paragraph needs to end with a clear statement that indicates the purpose of your presentation.For assistance on writing Introductions & Conclusions (Links to an external site.)Links to an external site. refer to the Ashford Writing Center resources.Must use at least eight scholarly, peer-reviewed, and credible sources (one of those may be the course text).The Scholarly, Peer Reviewed, or Other Credible Sources (Links to an external site.)Links to an external site. table offers additional guidance on appropriate source types. The Ashford University Library is a great place to find resources. Watch the Quick n’ Dirty (Links to an external site.)Links to an external site. tutorial for research tips. If you have questions about whether a specific source is appropriate for this assignment, please contact your instructor. Your instructor has the final say about the appropriateness of a specific source for a particular assignment.Must document any information used from sources in APA style as outlined in the Ashford Writing Center’s Citing Within Your Paper (Links to an external site.)Links to an external site.Must include a separate references slide that is formatted according to APA style as outlined in the Ashford Writing Center. See the Formatting Your References List (Links to an external site.)Links to an external site. resource in the Ashford Writing Center for specifications.Review the Writing Center’s Presentation Tips (Links to an external site.)Links to an external site. to maximize your results.Must use speakers notes as follows:Review the PowerPoint Speaker Notes. (Links to an external site.)Links to an external site. video tutorial. (YouTube Accessibility Statement. (Links to an external site.)Links to an external site. and Privacy Policy. (Links to an external site.)Links to an external site.)Speaker notes are the typed notes that appear below the slide that complement the presentation slides. Whereas the slides will have short bulleted items, the speaker notes will be more detailed. They are essentially what the presenter would say during the presentation to explain each of the bulleted points on the slide. Therefore, it is important that the speaker notes are concise and detailed when explaining the bullet points.It is recommended that PowerPoint Slides contain no more than five bullet points and should not contain more than seven to 10 words each. Do not type paragraphs or long sentences on the slide. The information that explains each bullet point is conveyed via speaker notes or by recording your voice to each slide.I have attached the paper I completed back in week 3 to provide better guidance.
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Running head: CONTRIBUTION TO PUBLIC HEALTH – FLORENCE NIGHTINGALE
Contribution to Public Health – Florence Nightingale
Chellbee I. McKnight
HCA 415
Nina Bell
03/04/19
CONTRIBUTION TO PUBLIC HEALTH – FLORENCE NIGHTINGALE
1
Contribution to Public Health – Florence Nightingale
The British soldiers would have been significantly disadvantaged if not for the presence
of Florence Nightingale, a female nurse that served during the Crimean War. Her significant
contributions to Barrack hospital was the primary factor that made her noticeable. Barrack
hospital was a medical refuse that was in the midst of the chaos that was as a result of the war.
The Crimean War started in 1853 between the Turks and the Russians. British and France
decided to end the military struggles between the two countries by supporting the Turks in
pushing Russian out of Turkish boundaries. The British troops were immensely slaughtered after
the Russian refused to leave Turkey. As such, Florence Nightingale was deployed by the British
Secretary at War, Sidney Herbert, to the Barrack Hospital at Scutari-Turkey in an endeavor to
ensure that the hospital care was improved (Judd, Sitxman & Davis, 2014). This event was a
pivotal point in Florence`s life. Thus, the purpose of this paper is to discuss the biographical
background of Florence, the climate of that period, which prompted her work, challenges faced,
and the outcomes of her contributions.
Florence Nightingale was born on May 12, 1820, in Florence, Italy. Nightingale was the
younger of the two daughters and belonged to the wealthy British clan. Her mother`s name was
Frances Nightingale. She came from a family of merchants and liked to socialize with people
from prominent families. Florence was different from her mother in that she did not like
socializing that much and always avoided being the center of attraction (Gill, 2005). She often
quarreled with her mother because she thought that she was overly controlling. The father of
Florence was known as William Edward Nightingale. He was a wealthy landowner with two
CONTRIBUTION TO PUBLIC HEALTH – FLORENCE NIGHTINGALE
2
estates under his name. Florence received classical education especially in mathematics studies
as well as German, French, and Italian.
Since her early years, Nightingale actively engaged in philanthropy by ministering to the
ill and poor people in the neighboring villages. Nightingale later realized that being a nurse was a
divine purpose and that is what she was called for. However, when she approached her parents
informing them of her desire to pursue nursing, they tried to seek her to take up appropriate
training. That is because during the Victorian Era, whereby no property rights were given to any
English women, a lady of the social stature such as that of Florence was supposed to marry a
well off man to make sure that her class stood and not to venture into a job that was often
despised by the upper class. In 1849, Florence rejected the marriage proposal of Richard
Moncton Milnes who had been for years trying to win her love. She argued that her nature
required her to venture into something beyond domestic life (Bostridge, 2008). Nightingale
joined the institution of Protestant Deaconesses in Kaiserswerth in Germany in the 1850s to
pursue nursing without paying attention to her parents` objections.
Nightingale returned to London in the 1850s and acquired a nursing job in a Harley Street
Hospital for treating governesses. She was later promoted to superintendent since her
performance impressed her employer. She had also done voluntary jobs at a Middlesex hospital
whereby she dealt with the cholera outbreak as well as the unsanitary conditions that helped the
spread of the disease. Nightingale was determined to make sure that the hygiene practices
improved which consequently helped to lower the death rates at that hospital.
The Crimean War that broke out in 1853 marked the starting point of her success and
recognition in nursing. The war took place after the allied British and French forces went to war
CONTRIBUTION TO PUBLIC HEALTH – FLORENCE NIGHTINGALE
3
with the Russian Empire for controlling the Ottoman territory. A large number of the British
soldiers were taken to the Black Sea whereby they experienced a decline in the supplies. By
1954, more than 18,000 soldiers had been admitted to the hospital (Swenson, 2005). During that
time, there was not a female nurse in any of the hospitals in the Crimea. Following the Battle of
Alma, there was an uproar from England as individuals complained that their injured soldiers
were neglected because they lacked sufficient medical attention. That was attributed to the lack
of enough staffs in the hospitals as well as unsanitary conditions.
In late 1854, Nightingale received a letter by Sidney Herbert requesting her to organize
several nurses so that they could offer treatment to the suffering soldiers at Crimea. Nightingale
was given full responsibility for the operation and thus assembled dozens of soldiers from
various sectors and traveled with them to Crimea a few days later. Even though they had been
warned of the horrid conditions in the area, the conditions at the British Base was more than they
had anticipated. That is because the hospital was located at the top of a vast cesspool which
contaminated the water as well as the building itself. They were also frightened by rodents and
bugs that were prevalent in the area. Additionally, the essential items such as bandages and soaps
significantly reduced as the number of injured soldiers kept increasing. The water was also
regularly rationed. Infectious diseases such as cholera and typhoid claimed the deaths of more
soldiers compared to the deaths from injuries incurred in the battle. The mortality rate was quite
high, approximately 60% and was attributed to the lack of basic hygienic necessities (Judd,
Sitxman & Davis, 2014). Such issues considerably humiliated the nurses and also created
mistrust between nurses and the patients. Nightingale came into action at that time when the
change was essential for nursing to advocate for reformation and hence prevent the field of
nursing from going downhill.
CONTRIBUTION TO PUBLIC HEALTH – FLORENCE NIGHTINGALE
4
Despite those challenges, Nightingale was set to work. She took extra steps in the hopes
of curing the injured soldiers. That is because she endeavored to avail her medical expertise in
obtaining the required supplies as well as nurses from her sources in Britain. She worked
restlessly for long hours with the aim of raising the Barrack Hospital to an efficient facility that
would be capable of successfully treating the wounds of the injured soldiers. She often
experienced exhaustion since her love and desire in serving the sick compelled her to offer
services to the patients with all her might. Her efforts bore fruits because they improved not only
the Barrack Hospital but also the nursing profession as a whole. For instance, Nightingale was
able to change the 60% mortality rate to a fraction over 1% by being helped by doctors and other
nurses (Judd, Sitxman & Davis, 2014). Nightingale became a national hero because of her
sacrifices for the Crimean War. Her consistent efforts not only physically revived the injured
soldiers but also a practical revival that formed an essential component of today`s nursing
occupation.
In conclusion, Florence Nightingale brought a positive change in the history of nursing
and hence should be emulated by future nurses. That is primarily because she didn`t give up even
in harsh conditions whereby nursing may seem almost impossible. Nightingale treated and saved
her patients at high survival rates despite having limited resources as well as faced with an
unsanitary environment. Her ideology of valuing the life of each patient equally helped her in
striving to help all her patients relentlessly. Such labor led to the creation of the foundation for
which she stands on today in the nursing profession.
REFERENCES
Bostridge, M. (2008). Florence Nightingale: The Woman and Her Legend. London: Viking
Gill, G. (2005). The extraordinary upbringing and curious life of Miss Florence Nightingale.
Random House, New York.
Judd, D., Sitxman, K., & Davis, G. M. (2014). A history of American nursing: Trends and eras.
(2nd Ed.). Boston: Jones and Bartlett Publishers.
Swenson, K. (2005). Medical Women and Victorian Fiction. University of Missouri Press. p. 15.

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