Expert Answer:Types of Reasoning discussion


Solved by verified expert:Synthesis Paper 4 RubricLearning Outcomes:locate and evaluate sources, through library research, and integrate research through appropriate citation and quotation;present effective arguments that use a full range of legitimate rhetorical and logical strategies to articulate and explain their positions on complex issues in dialogue with other points of view;locate, interpret, evaluate, and synthesize evidence in a comprehensive way in support of your ideas;identify and critically evaluate the assumptions in and the context of an argument;distinguish and convey inductive and deductive patterns as appropriate, sequencing arguments and evidence logically to draw valid conclusions and articulate related outcomes (implications and consequences).CriteriaPoints PossiblePoints EarnedIncludes all sources provided and connects the ideas through their writing.3Discusses your preferred method of data collection, which will you use and why?
5Quotes/Paraphrases all sources. – use them as support/evidenceNo excessively long quotes (2 sentences MAX)Relates the articles to each other (does not stack quotes from one article).Makes clear points but is concise
5Paper is well formatted into paragraphs (Headings optional).3Has a MLA bibliography at the end of the paper in ALPHABETICAL orderProperly formatted with a hanging indentation2Grammar and Punctuation:Spell Check!ProofreadDouble spacedAppropriate sentence length – a variety of lengths used.Academic Language800 word max


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Maya M: House Quotes (Qualitative vs. Quantitative):
• “The basic function of qualitative research is to Understand Human
Behaviour” (House 7)
• “The basic function of quantitative research is to Explain Human Behaviour”
(House 7)
• “Qualitative studies are often case studies” (House 7)
• The…subjectivity in qualitative studies has led many…to doubt the scientific
worth of qualitative approaches” (House 7)
• “Quantitative research methods focus on the development of generalizable
regularities and rules” (House 7)

“only quantitative research methods are viewed as ‘proper research’” (House

“researchers that engage in qualitative research find themselves disqualified as
‘amateur’ researchers” (House 7)

“Quantitative research methods focus on the development of generalizable
regularities and rules.” page 7

“The data in quantitative research is considered reliable and replicable” page 7

Quantitative data may not always be precise, so it shouldn’t always be trusted
page 7

“Qualitative data in the form of e.g. authentic interactions , field notes,
introspection as described above are only theory ‘natural’ pg 9

“Qualitative research is not objective, but rather subjective” page 8
Inductive reasoning- This is considered to be relatively objective reasoning.
Deductive reasoning: This person tends to start with a theory, a premise, or a rule
that they believe explains that one true reality out there, so they develop a hypothesis
that and deduce inferences.
Pragmatic person: This person thinks that there is a true reality out there but it might
be hard to discover it and that the boundaries between idealism and realism might be
blurred. This person will pay attention to what people think the reality is. In this case
the person will use abductive reasoning.
Weakness: you can get a deductive reasoning right but starting from the wrong
premise or theory and that can be particularly confusing.
Weakness: deductive reasoning can only explore what you think is already known.
Annie: Pearson Backward Design
1. ask what key decisions can be made from research results
2. determine key decisions that can gathered from the research results
3. determine what information is important to help you make key decisions
4. make a prototype report that can theorize what actions will follow if various
results are found. this will help determine what alternative explanations need
to be considered (and possibly discarded)
5. determine what questions must be answered to complete the final report
6. check whether or not these questions have been used in other studies or
7. if not, design one or more studies that can be conducted and implement the
8. write the report and present the results
9. help deflect or respond to any criticism the report might receive and direct any
praise toward your client
10. evaluate the research process and contribution, and propose a new study to
answer the new questions your client now comes up with but couldn’t have
Inductive/deductive reasoning
Qualitative and Quantitative research methods

Define what they are
When are good times to use them?
What are their strengths and weaknesses?
Backwards Design
Survey Questions
I recommend you read/watch them in the order they are listed (notice
they are not alphabetical!)
Happy reading/watching, see you Tuesday.
Rivas, Carol.. An Introduction to Reasoning in Qualitative & Quantitative
Research. London, : SAGE Publications Ltd, 2017. SAGE Research Methods.
Web. 3 Mar. 2019.
Skim introduction (only page 4) then skip to page 7 and read till end
House, Juliane. “Authentic vs Elicited Data and Qualitative vs Quantitative
Research Methods in Pragmatics: Overcoming Two Non-Fruitful
Dichotomies.” System, vol. 75, 2018, pp. 4–12.
Book: I only want you to read one chapter, see below.
Pearson, R. W. (2010).Statistical persuasion: How to collect, analyze, and
present data…accurately, honestly, and persuasively. Thousand Oaks, CA:
SAGE Publications, Inc. doi: 10.4135/9781452230122
Backward Research: In My End is my Beginning
Strengths and Weaknesses of Different Research Designs
Skip Experiments
Read Sample Surveys
Skip glossary of acronyms and keep going all the way to: Multimethod
Designs and Convergent Results can Overcome the Limitations of any Single
Research Design.
Skim conclusion
“Research Design and Data Collection.” Statistical Persuasion: How to
Collect, Analyze, and Present Data…Accurately, Honestly, and
Persuasively. Pearson, Robert W Thousand Oaks: SAGE Publications, Inc.,
2010, pp. 15-44. SAGE Research Methods. Web. 8 Mar. 2019, doi:

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