Expert Answer:Which is more effective in treating attention-defi

  

Solved by verified expert:Controversies in Psychology Position PaperBy successfully completing this assignment, you will demonstrate your proficiency in the following course competencies and assignment criteria:Competency 1: Apply information literacy and library research skills to obtain scholarly information in the field of psychology.Articulate scholarly evidence appropriate to the argument it supports.Competency 2: Apply psychological principles to topics in psychology.Describe the position taken in an author’s thesis statement.Follow APA guidelines for in-text citations and reference lists.Competency 3: Analyze scholarly information and research findings through critical thinking to solve problems in the field of psychology.Articulate evidence-supported arguments that directly support the thesis.Articulate evidence-supported counterarguments that directly question the thesis.Articulate evidence-supported arguments to rebut the counterarguments.Competency 4: Apply ethical principles and standards to topics in psychology.Draw implications, including ethical implications, from the conclusions.Competency 5: Communicate in a manner that is scholarly, professional, and consistent with expectations for professionals in the field of psychology.Articulate a well-developed conclusion that logically flows from the arguments presented.Write in a manner that is scholarly in tone, easy to follow, and free from grammatical and spelling errors.For your final paper, you will select a controversial topic in psychology on which to take a position. Choose from the following topics:Does cosmetic surgery promote or hinder self-esteem?Does use of electronic technology promote or detract from well-being?Does online learning or traditional face-to-face learning lead to higher academic performance?Which is more effective in treating attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD)—medication or behavioral interventions?Are virtual teams or traditional teams more effective?After exploring scholarly research on both sides of the issue, write a 5–7 page, double-spaced paper (not including title page, abstract, and references) that presents:An introduction to your topic.Your position and arguments.Evidence for your position.Counterarguments to your position.Evidence for the counterarguments.Rebuttals to those counterarguments.Your paper should reference a minimum of five scholarly sources, cited and referenced in APA format.Your assembled paper should consist of:A title page.An abstract.A clear introduction to the topic.A thesis statement, your position, and arguments.A summary and conclusion that discusses the implications (including the ethical implications) of your position and conclusions.A page of APA-cited references.View the Joel Taylor Sample Final Paper linked in Resources to see how your paper should be organized. You are also encouraged to use the APA Paper Template, also linked the Resources.Refer to the Controversies in Psychology Position Paper Scoring Guide to understand how this assignment will be graded and ensure you meet the grading criteria.Note: Your instructor may also use the Writing Feedback Tool to provide feedback on your writing. In the tool, click the linked resources for helpful writing information. Requirements for the AssignmentTo achieve a successful experience and outcome, you are expected to meet the following requirements:Written Communication: Written communication is free of errors that detract from the overall message, follows standard English grammar usage, and uses language appropriate for professionals in the field of psychology.APA Formatting: Paper, references, and citations are formatted according to current APA style and formatting.Length: 5-7 pages (not including title page, abstract, and references), double-spaced.Font and Font Size: 12-point, Times New Roman.Submission: Submit your paper to the draft link for SafeAssign. Review your results and make any needed changes in paraphrasing and citing based on your results. Once you are satisfied with the work, submit it to your instructor for grading by attaching the document in Unit 9 to the link titled [u09a1] Unit 9, Assignment 1.Portfolio Prompt: You may choose to save this learning activity to your ePortfolio. You will learn more about your ePortfolio in Unit 10.ResourcesControversies in Psychology Position Paper Scoring Guide.APA Paper Template.APA Style and Format.Joel Taylor Sample Final Paper.Writing Feedback Tool.SafeAssign.ePortfolio.
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Francesca Wilson
Controversies in Psychology
Daley, David, Ph.D. |van der Oord, Saskia, Ph.D. |Ferrin, Maite, MD, Ph.D. |Danckaerts,
Marina, MD, Ph.D. |Doepfner, Manfred, Ph.D. |Cortese, Samuele, MD, Ph.D.
|Sonuga-Barke, Edmund J.S., Ph.D., & European ADHD Guidelines Group. (2014).
Behavioral interventions in attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder: A meta-analysis
of randomized controlled trials across multiple outcome domains. Journal of the
American Academy of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry, 53(8), 847.e5.
doi:10.1016/j.jaac.2014.05.013.
Daley et al. managed to come up with a detailed article based on a meta-analysis that they
did. The authors proved that there is a difference in treatment done blindly and unblindly
for the behavioral intervention. Actually, the article is full proof that behavioral
intervention is very effective for the treatment of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder.
The results that are in the article include both parents and children affected by the
disorder.
From the records that were used in the meta-analysis, there is overwhelming evidence of
significant improvements in qualities of parenting. For the children, their social skills,
academic performance, and conduct were greatly improved. All these were mainly
noticed for the unblinded cases. However, for the blinded cases, the improvements were
noticed but very minimal as compared to the unblended cases.
The article is able to demonstrate clearly that behavioral interventions when it comes to
treating attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder are very productive. As a result, it can be
used as evidence that behavioral intervention is better than medical intervention.
Ferguson, J. H. (2000). National Institutes of health consensus development conference
statement: Diagnosis and treatment of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder
(ADHD). Journal of the American Academy of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry,
39(2), 182-193. doi:10.1097/00004583-200002000-00018
Ferguson’s article is based on the conference held about attention-deficit/hyperactivity
disorder (ADHD). The article has relevant information on attention-deficit/hyperactivity
disorder (what it is), how best it can be treated and future areas to be considered when
reaching on ADHD. It gives detailed information on both psychological (behavioral)
treatment and medication.
To a greater extent, Ferguson supports the use of medication, especially stimulants, to
help treat attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder. The main reasons for this are that
medication helps to solve the short term effects much faster and diligently. However, the
author is able to note that when both medication and behavioral interventions are used to
administer treatments, the outcome is way better. The affected persons are able to show
great improvements more so on their social welfare.
This article by Ferguson, therefore, is very necessary when laying down a discussion on
the reasons as to medicinal intervention is better than behavioral treatment.
Ogrim, G., & Hestad, K. A. (2013). Effects of neurofeedback versus stimulant medication
in attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder: A randomized pilot study. Journal of
Child and Adolescent Psychopharmacology, 23(7), 448-457.
doi:10.1089/cap.2012.0090
The authors, Ogrim and Hestad, worked together to write an article which compares the
use of neurofeedback and the use of stimulants in treating attention-deficit/hyperactivity
disorder. The article shows a comparison between the two methods of treatment
considering their effects on the patient. They give an insight into the positive outcomes of
the two methods.
The details on the article are based on random research from thirty ADHD patients who
were put under the stimulant treatment and the neurofeedback training. The research was
conducted for a period of between seven and eleven months. From the data given in the
article, it is evident that using stimulants for treatment was way better than neurofeedback
training. The evaluation favored medication treatment.
Ogrim and Hestad’s article helps to support the use of medication for treating attentiondeficit/hyperactivity disorder. Therefore, this article would help me a lot in raising the
points to support the method.
Pfiffner, L. J., Ph.D. (2014). Meta-analysis supports the efficacy of behavioral interventions
for attention-deficit/hyperactivity Disorder–Related problems. Journal of the
American Academy of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry, 53(8), 830-832.
doi:10.1016/j.jaac.2014.03.006.
This article written by Linder Pfiffner illustrates in various ways how behavioral
intervention can be efficiently used to help solve problems that are related to attentiondeficit/hyperactivity disorder. The author analyzes both the medicinal methods and the
behavioral methods that can be used in this treatment. As a result, it easily comparable
between the two.
From the meta-analysis, medication is very effective in helping solve the short term
problems of the disorder. From the assessments made (both blinded and unblinded),
behavioral intervention proved to impact positively on the affected patients. Some of the
positive outcomes include increased positive parenting and reduced comorbid behavior
problems. The child social and academic welfares were also greatly improved through
behavioral intervention. However, the mental health problems for the parents didn’t show
significant improvements.
Clearly enough, this article would be very useful when proving the overall benefits of
behavioral interventions overmedication when treating attention-deficit/hyperactivity
disorder.
Tarver, J., Daley, D., & Sayal, K. (2014). Attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder ( ADHD):
An updated review of the essential facts. Child: Care, Health & Development, 40(6),
762-774. doi:10.1111/cch.12139
This article on attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) by Tarver et al., is an
article that has detailed information about this particular disorder. The authors have
managed, in a special way, to put up together information on the causes of the disorder,
those it affects, the symptoms, possible treatments and the side effects of the treatment.
In order to treat the disorder, the authors find pharmacological and non-pharmacological
treatment options to be suitable. The pharmacological treatment method is more suitable
for short term purposes through the use of stimulants and non-stimulants. However, non-
pharmacological treatment methods are more suitable for correcting the negative
symptoms. As a result, behavioral inventions are more suitable.
From the information obtained in this article, I would be able to argue on the importance
of using behavioral interventions over pharmacological treatment which has side effects
like loss of appetite and sleep. Moreover, keeping up with drugs tend to be more
tiresome.
References
Daley, David, PhD|van der Oord, Saskia, PhD|Ferrin, Maite, MD, PhD|Danckaerts,
Marina, MD, PhD|Doepfner, Manfred, PhD|Cortese, Samuele, MD, PhD|SonugaBarke,Edmund J.S., PhD, & European ADHD Guidelines Group. (2014).
Behavioral interventions in attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder: A meta-analysis
of randomized controlled trials across multiple outcome domains. Journal of the
American Academy of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry, 53(8), 847.e5.
doi:10.1016/j.jaac.2014.05.013
Ferguson, J. H. (2000). National institutes of health consensus development conference
statement: Diagnosis and treatment of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder
(ADHD). Journal of the American Academy of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry,
39(2), 182-193. doi:10.1097/00004583-200002000-00018
Ogrim, G., & Hestad, K. A. (2013). Effects of neurofeedback versus stimulant medication
in attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder: A randomized pilot study. Journal of
Child and Adolescent Psychopharmacology, 23(7), 448-457.
doi:10.1089/cap.2012.0090
Pfiffner, L. J., PhD. (2014). Meta-analysis supports efficacy of behavioral interventions for
attention-deficit/hyperactivity Disorder–Related problems. Journal of the American
Academy of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry, 53(8), 830-832.
doi:10.1016/j.jaac.2014.03.006
Tarver, J., Daley, D., & Sayal, K. (2014). Attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder ( ADHD):
An updated review of the essential facts. Child: Care, Health & Development, 40(6),
762-774. doi:10.1111/cch.12139

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