Expert Answer:WR39B Portfolio Introduction

  

Solved by verified expert:Portfolio Introduction, 500-800 wordsThis introductory essay 1) makes arguments about your progress in WR39B, especially in the RA essay and RIP project; and 2) analyzes all of the writing you’ve selected for the portfolio as evidence for your arguments. The essay should include the following:Specific arguments about the advancement of particular writing skills through class participation, with evidence from your writing and the feedback you’ve receivedYour reasons for making the choices you made, and what you may have done differentlyArtifacts (at least 3), each of which should be analyzed and connected to your arguments about your writing process and progress in the portfolio introduction itself. Eligible artifacts include in-class writing, critical reading exercises and RIP exercises, essay drafts, and/or other writing or notes relevant to our class. Your arguments should relate the development of your writing skills to the larger context of academic writing. Put another way, what do you understand about academic discourse (writing) and its conventions that you didn’t know before taking WR39B?Focusing on Ethos Pathos Logos in the essay, to clarify how I have improved in them. Also, because the essay was written by you, you can notice those progresses more easily. Briefly, just take a look of files below, and refine my progress and improvement as the requirement about. Remember how you convey your Ethos, Pathos and Logos is also important.
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Peng 1
Yihao Peng
27104933
Writing 39B
Emily Wells
Gender Equality has undermined the Family Unit
Gender roles have evolved. The men and women’s roles have reached a tipping point with
blurred lines about gender roles as explained from the traditional pretext. Indeed, traditionally
men have been seen as the sole determinants of the socioeconomic wellbeing of the family while
the mother is the nurturer and the housekeeper. The human society depends on the harmony
between men and women within one of the most critical units; the family unit. Traditionally, the
man had the responsibility to provide for his family, but contemporary society has shunned this
setting and allowed equality in terms of gender roles in a home. Men have been forced to carry
out the functions previously thought to belong to women, as women make progress in their
careers and work lives. The reasons for these changes are dynamic economic factors and the
growth of women independence aimed at enhancing gender equality.
The changes in the gender roles at the family unite has been caused by economic and
demographic variances in the lives of the women while much of what men used to do has been
affected by external factors. The advancement of women in the labor market and the subsequent
economic changes in the family unit has necessitated a change of the roles adopted by women at
home. In the modern world as opposed to the traditional world, women have become more
independent in terms of economics and even sexually (Boyd, 2017). Women have the right to
choose whether to get married or to pursue their careers. The growth of the individualism and
increased self-awareness coupled with the need for self-dependence has caused a paradigm shift
Peng 2
of the way a family is built and run. The focus on childbearing and the nurturing being primary
reason men and women get together in marriage are long gone, and hence marriage relationships
have become fragile.
The roles played by men and women at the family level are closely watched by their
children. The gender roles are directly influential to the gender roles that will be assumed by the
children in their adult life. The gender roles hence construct identities. Traditionally, a good
education has been the prerequisite determinant for men, and thus women tended to prefer men
with good educations levels (Buechler, 2015). On the other hand, men have had a preference for
women who did not invest too much in their careers and were ready to assume housewife roles.
The institution of marriage has been undermined by the new changes at the family unit as new
forms of arrangements have mushroomed such as cohabitation which offers a stressful
environment for childbearing and development due to a lack of commitment.
The women who are more educated may also tend to struggle to get life partners due to
the power that they hold in a family setup and the consequential impact on gender roles. As
women have received more education, the impact has been less attention on the family and
childbearing needs while giving attention more to the career goals. Women who are more
educated tend to have fewer children than their counterparts who are not well educated. While
we cannot deny that education has enabled gender balance, it has also destroyed the family
harmony. Women who are educated hold a special place in society as they tend to be more
influential to less educated women and hence this creates defiance against the family unit for
socio-economic equality purposes.
Peng 3
The rise of phenomenon such as feminism has resulted in a conflict which has also
created a pretext for an increase in the divorce rates. According to the American Psychology
Association, kids that grow up in stable marriages tend to have less stress as compared to kids
that are brought up by parents who are cohabiting. The women suffrage movement has indeed
evolved into the modern aspects of feminism that has affected the family unit negatively. Their
message that motherhood and the housewife role have oppressed the contemporary woman is
more of a political message than a social message that seeks to remedy the gender inequalities at
home.
Feminism has turned women against men and the family unit as it encourages them to
pursue their interests first such as career and enjoy their sexuality while living the dream life
unbound by childbearing chains. This movement has turned against the foundation of human
civilization as well as human socialization. Feminists fail to understand that the family unit is
supposed to be collaborative and it is not power play between the genders — 60 % of the
American kid lack parental supervision during their development years (Lamanna, Riedmann
and Stewart, 2016). The modern world where women earn even the same amount of money like
men has unsettled the family unit due to the usurping of hierarchical power as a breadwinner.
Today, both men and women play breadwinners while not all of them can do a good job in child
nurturing and home maintenance. Men have been forced to adapt to save their marriages, but for
how long before they snap?
The social inequality between the different sexes should be done away with while at the
same time preserving the family unit bearing its importance in the society. The family unit
should also take measures to accommodate changes in the women economic environment but not
Peng 4
up to the point of creating conflict with the traditional marriage set up. The rates of child
negligence, family conflicts and divorce have gone up due to the disruption of the gender roles as
prescribed in the family unit. The presence of gay marriage by policymakers for the sake of
advancing equality is undermining the value of family and gender roles.
The differences between men and women about the different roles each will play affect
the wellbeing of the family unit. For example, when a married couple is deciding on who will
carry out various tasks by sacrificing their work-related obligations, there is likely to be conflict.
Equality at this point is all about ensuring that each party is given a fair head start and
opportunity. In case the position of one of the parties is compromised, the other spouse feels
threatened, and career threatened (Yarbrough, Jones and DeFilippis, 2018). This is the dilemma
for most couples due to the quest for equal roles and opportunity. The husband may feel that
threatening his career might endanger the whole family’s economic wellbeing while the wife may
feel oppressed. Even though the couples genuinely love one another one will have to
compromise their position for the family or ignore for the sake of their careers.
The family unit was founded on gender-based roles as each party knew their specified
tasks within the family. The modern push for equality has created conflict as men do not want to
lose their power. The couples may end up using leverage and intimidation to get their way. In
case of a divorce, research has shown that men tend to perform better after a divorce while
women tend to lose their financial capabilities by up to 30% (Yarbrough, Jones and DeFilippis,
2018). This has been evidenced by the fact that releasing a man from family obligations via
divorce increases his earning abilities as they can focus on their careers better. However, it is not
the same for women, who will get emotionally burdened for a long time while also taking care of
Peng 5
their kids and may lack the time to network and grow in their career ladder. This is evident that
the traditional family unit clearly had taken into account the strengths and weaknesses of both
men and women. From a psychological perspective, men tend to focus better and faster than
women after divorce. Thus men and women should collaboratively engage each other while
respecting the family needs first collaboratively.
The aspect of individualism has been supported by feminists while they have shunned the
family roles as provided under the family unit. Indeed, women have gone through a lot while
seeking to release themselves from the chains of family roles. The freedom of women in many
gender roles has changed and created an enabling environment for women to progress
economically. However, the family unit being the fabric of society has declined as divorce cases
have spiked and gender roles have changed towards more individual interests. The proponents of
gender equality have forced men to take similar roles to that of women at home (Boyd, 2017).
However, the women, on the other hand, have not been taking full advantage of their careers as
evidenced by a high rate of them leaving permanent or demanding positions in favor of part-time
positions. Women are also more likely to ask for sick leave than men, and also they are not fond
of long distance travels or over time.
The fact that most women still crave for home roles even when they are in powerful
positions depicts that feminists movements depictions are skewed to create imbalance and may
undermine the productivity of the family in one way or another. The dynamic nature of the
workplace still creates conflict at home since most women are not willing to pursue their careers
fully due to family obligations. The solution is taking the needs of the men and women and finds
common ground to avoid further conflict. The family remains crucial, and women should not be
Peng 6
undermined, but there is a need to embrace collaboration and compromising for both parties to
survive in the modern family environment.
References
Boyd, S. B. (2017). Family, Law and Sexuality: Feminist Engagements. Law and Social
Movements, 533-554. doi:10.4324/9781315091983-20
Buechler, S. M. (2015). Critical Sociology. Routledge.
Lamanna, M. A., Riedmann, A., & Stewart, S. D. (2016). Marriages, Families, and
Relationships: Making Choices in a Diverse Society. Cengage Learning.
Yarbrough, M. W., Jones, A., & DeFilippis, J. N. (2018). Queer Families and Relationships
After Marriage Equality. Oxfordshire, England: Taylor & Francis.
Peng 1
Yihao Peng
27104933
Writing 39B
Emily Wells
RIP Essay
Gender Roles and Representation in a Film
Male representation in most Disney films is related to the characteristics of conventional
masculinity. Fundamentally, the aspect of masculinity in such films portrays men as powerful,
strong, and authoritative figures and women as weak and fragile individuals. Disney fairy tale
movies such as the Beauty and the Beast, Sleeping Beauty, Cinderella, and the Little Mermaid
depict masculinity. Essentially, representations of males in these movies show masculinity as a
facet of female agency. While previous movies portray princess who lacks talent and character,
later movies show men as more energetic and spirited thus giving them more authority. In this
paper, I will assess the issue of gender roles and masculinity in the film the Little Mermaid.
Dominant gender ideologies are significantly depicted in the film the Little Mermaid. All
the features of masculinity are portrayed in the film, through the authority the men have over the
women, dependency on males by women, and physical representation of both men and women.
In the film, men have more authority and power than women. For instance, on land and under the
sea, men hold powerful positions. King Triton is influential and controlling particularly when
dealing with her daughter Ariel. The conversation between Ariel and her father often ends up
with him overpowering her. King Triton’s bold language is usually strong and sturdy whereas
Ariel’s body language is feeble and sprawled (https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ZGZX5PAwR8).
Peng 2
Limited gender roles are represented in the film. In the Little Mermaid, men speak about
68% of the time whereas the remaining 32% is left for women. Throughout the movie, one will
notice that Ariel’s interactions with other females are very limited. In fact, the major interaction
she has is with Ursula, a wicked and mean woman. The main character in the film the Little
Mermaid is Ariel. However, although the movie is focused on women, men tend to out-speak
them.
Throughout the film, the theme of masculinity is portrayed in the aspect where women
rely on men for knowledge as well as protection. In the Little Mermaid, men are linked to
possessing the knowledge and having the power to solve problems. For instance, in the film,
Ariel visits her ‘bright’ seagull friend, Scuttle, to ascertain what the human objects she found in
the water were. She believes in what Scuttle says because she considers him as being wise and
knowledgeable. The manner in which Ariel trusts Scuttle in this context shows how women
depend on men as their source of knowledge. Furthermore, Ariel looks uninformed thus
representing men’s intellectual dominance and legitimizing their superiority.
The physical representation of men and women in the Little Mermaid further highlights
the issue of dominant gender ideology and masculinity in the film. In the movie, powerful men
such as Prince Eric and King Triton are shown to possess physical strength and clichéd macho
body with huge muscles. On the other hand, women are sexualized particularly in their physical
appearances. For example, Ariel’s physical appearance is sexualized as she is portrayed as
having voluptuous hips with a small waist. She displays sexual appeal as she moves around the
ocean.
Peng 3
The film the Little Mermaid portrays the themes of masculinity and dominant gender
ideologies. Although the film is majorly centered on women, there is a visible gender
underrepresentation in the sense that the time allotted to men is more than that allotted to
women. Throughout the film, gender inequality is depicted as women are portrayed as the
weaker sex who should depend solely on their male counterparts
(https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ZGZX5-PAwR8)
The RIP project offers me a platform to address the issues of gender roles and gender
stereotype in society. The rhetorical choices I used to communicate my message within the genre
of the RIP project include allusion where I referenced an event (in this case a film) to make a
point (Yong, 2016). This genre offers me an opportunity to highlight to my audience some of
the challenges of gender inequality within society. As depicted from the model texts, gender
inequality has been showcased in many environments including films particularly animated
movies (Guo, 2016).
Guo, J. (2016). Retrieved from
https://www.washingtonpost.com/news/wonk/wp/2016/01/25/researchers-have-discovered-amajor-problem-with-the-little-mermaid-and-other-disney-movies/?utm_term=.460013cdc610
The author of this article is Jeff Guo. Guo was a Washington Post reporter covering
domestic policy, economic, and other related topics. In April 2017, he left the Washington Post.
The article talks about the social issues surrounding Disney movies such as the Little Mermaid.
According to Guo, although the latest Disney films portray women as independent and in some
instances rebellious, the issue of gender underrepresentation and stereotype is still evident. For
instance, in the Little Mermaid, the movie is centered on women. However, men speak 68% of
Peng 4
the time. He cites that such movies are populated by men and thus they (films) offer limited
examples of women as being authoritative and respectable.
This source served as the basis of my RIP project. The assertions made by the author
acted as a foundation for the project. The article addresses the issues surrounding Disney’s
attempt to streamline the princess movie genre. The genre convention that I observed in this
source is princess movie genre where the aspects of fairy tales are extensively depicted.
Yong, E. (2016). The Fairy Tales That Predate Christianity. Retrieved from
https://www.theatlantic.com/science/archive/2016/01/on-the-origin-of-stories/424629/
Ed Yong is the author of this article. He is a reporter at the Atlantic and covers issues
pertaining to science. Yong describes the history of folk stories and other fairy tales. According
to the article, scientists and researchers traced the origin of some of the famous fairy tales stories
and films. For instance, in 2013, Jamie Tehrani, a scientist from Durham University, traced the
origin of Little Red Riding Hood to two centuries ago in the Middle East and/or Europe.
Nonetheless, many folklorists oppose the scientific approach of tracing origins of some folk
stories. They argue that the majority of classic fairy tales are mere creations that trailed the
introduction of mass-printed literature. The author further cites that although folktales are
considered as insignificant types of literature, they serve as replications of reality.
This source played a crucial role in the RIP project because it acted as the basis for my
arguments. The arguments presented by the author regarding the issues of fairytales provided
insights on all aspects surrounding animated movies. The genre convention I observed in this
article is the fairy tale genre. This form of genre convention is represented in the form of short
story and features folkloric characters.
Peng 5
References
Guo, J. (2016). Retrieved from
https://www.washingtonpost.com/news/wonk/wp/2016/01/25/researchers-havediscovered-a-major-problem-with-the-little-mermaid-and-other-disneymovies/?utm_term=.460013cdc610
Yong, E. (2016). The Fairy Tales That Predate Christianity. Retrieved from
https://www.theatlantic.com/science/archive/2016/01/on-the-origin-of-stories/424629/

Running head: THE FRAGILE LINK
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The Fragile Link
Student Name
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Working Bibliographies
DeCamp, W., & Ferguson, C. J. (2016). The Impact of Degree of Exposure to Violent Video
Games, Family Background, and Other Factors on Youth Violence. Journal of Youth and
Adolescence, 46(2), 388-400. doi:10.1007/s10964-016-0561-8
Dr. Whitney DeCamp is a Professor at the Western Michigan University sociology
department while Christopher Ferguson is a researcher and professor at the University of Stetson.
The authors argue that despite the criticism about the influence of violent video games on young
people, the research conducted on people of all races indicates that no such correlation exists and
that children and teenagers are influenced more by family and social variables.
The researchers collected data from a wide variety of youth from all ethnic backgrounds
to identify the relationship between violent or aggression and the use of violent video games.
However, the authors in this article seek to demystify this common myth and hence have
identified a fragile link between the aggressive behavior in kids and violent video games while
detecting a more significant influence from the family and social risk factors. This article is
geared towards providing critical information to the teaching fraternity as well as concerned
parents who are keen on the behavioral of their kids who play video games and may exhibit
aggressive behavior.
Greitemeyer, T. (2018). The spreading impact of playing violent video games on aggression.
Computers in Human Behavior, 80, 216-219. doi:10.1016/j.chb.2017.11.022
Tomas Greitemeyer is a researcher and Professor at Innsbruck University. The author
argues that it is not only the exposure to violent online games that affect the players of these
THE FRAGILE LINK
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games, but also their social network may be a significant contributing factor to their aggressive
behavior. The author argues that despite there being a link of aggressive behavior to violent
online games, the more significant relationship is between the online players who influence each
other more than the online content itself and hence the problem remains a psychological and
human phenomenon as human beings tend to influence each other’s behavior.
The author relies on quantitative research on young individuals who play the games as
well as those who do not an …
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