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Solved by verified expert:1,the basic requirement of the paper in in the part 3 in the research paper prompt.2,the paper should be based on the Data survey and data analysis.3,Cite class reading materials in the paper4, the last file is the class readings
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Orzechowicz – SOC 1, W19 – The Coffee Paper Prompt
Research Method selection due: 5pm on Friday, 02/08 (on Canvas)
Stage 1 due: 5pm on Friday, 02/08 (on Canvas)
Stage 2 due: 5pm on Friday, 03/01 (on Canvas)
Stage 3 due: 5pm on Friday, 03/01 (on Canvas)
Rough Draft due: in section, Week 9 [03/05 – 03/07] (In-class copy & Canvas)
Final Paper due: 5pm on Sunday, 03/10 (on Canvas)
The Coffee Project Overview
The goal of this assignment is to 1) connect course material on to people’s experiences with,
preferences around, and consumption of coffee, and 2) introduce you to social scientific research
methods. This will be accomplished through a multi-stage research project. You will choose 1
research method – surveys or in-depth interviews – that we have used to gather data in the
class. You will then generate some research questions, analyze your chosen data, and write a
paper based on that analysis. Your paper will focus on some aspect of coffee consumption as a
social phenomenon.
Why coffee drinking? Two reasons. First, coffee is a ubiquitous commodity, particularly in
the U.S. There are a dozen coffee shops in Downtown Davis alone. Lots of people consume the
beverage, and often have particular tastes or rituals that feel intimate and deeply personal. But,
like any number of commodities like music, clothing, and movies, people are not born with an
innate liking of coffee or instinctive sense of how to drink it. These are things we are socialized
into. Coffee, then, provides a great case study for the kinds of broad social processes we will
discuss in this course. Second, UCD is one of the only research institutions that actually studies
coffee; the most popular course on campus is The Design of Coffee (ECM 1). This project uses
social science to help us think about how people learn to enjoy the drink, and how differences in
taste and consumption may be patterned across social groups.
This prompt is divided into 3 parts. The first Parts 1 and 2 give an overview of each research
method, and describe the 3 stages of work involved for each of the research method options.
They also detail which discussion sections will be devoted to each method. (Note: YOU DO NOT
need to attend sections on weeks where your research method is not discussed.) Part 3 provides
guidelines for the length, structure, content, and assessment of the paper itself.
Page 1 of 8
Orzechowicz – SOC 1, W19 – The Coffee Paper Prompt
Part 1: In-Depth Interview option
Method-relevant sections

Week 4 Sections (01/29 – 01/31) – Writing research questions.

Week 6 Sections (02/12 – 02/14) – Analyzing qualitative data.

Week 9 Sections (03/05 – 03/07) – Rough Draft exchange & workshop.
In-depth interviews are a great method if we want to study how people understand social
experiences, objects, or events, or if you are interested in how things take place. Sociologists
who are interested in how people experience coffee or how they understand what makes a
“good” cup of coffee would fall in the former camp, while scholars interested in how people learn
to enjoy coffee (i.e., how they become coffee drinkers) would fall in the latter. If you are
interested in examining these types of how questions – sociologists call these questions about
meaning-making and social processes, respectively – then you should consider using the indepth interview data.
Folks who choose this method will take an inductive approach to social research. With an
inductive approach, we start off with very general interests and then look for patterns in the data
to gradually build a focused, refined research question. In other words, you will not start off with
a specific theory and then generate hypotheses about how the world works based on that theory;
rather, you will start off with a couple broad research questions or a set of questions that you
will refine as you analyze and identify patterns in that data.
Because researchers who take an inductive approach begin with a vague set of interests that only
solidifies after data analysis, it is common to feel (and become comfortable with) a fair amount
of uncertainty in the research process. This is totally normal, and gradually diminishes as your
research progresses. If you choose this research method and experience some of those feelings,
you are definitely encouraged to come to office hours – but also know that they are quite typical
for this type of research.
Page 2 of 8
Orzechowicz – SOC 1, W19 – The Coffee Paper Prompt
3 Stages of an In-Depth Interview project
Stage 1: Research Topics & Research Questions. You will identify 2-3 topics of interest,
and 2-3 general research questions to explore for each topic. Compared to the Survey option,
your topics and questions will be broader, and will be refined after submission based on your
analysis. You need to have at least 5 research questions for this stage.
Stage 2: Coded Interviews. You will turn in digital copies of your coded interviews so that
the TAs and I can confirm that you are doing the necessary analysis. Week 6 sections will be
devoted to how to code and analyze in-depth interviews.
Stage 3: Identifying Patterns & Connections to Course Material. You will a short
memo (a couple paragraphs in length) describing the patterns that emerged in your analysis,
and how those patterns connect to course material.
Part 2: Survey option
Method-relevant sections

Week 4 Sections (01/29 – 01/31) – Writing research questions.

Week 7 Sections (02/19 – 02/21) – Operationalizing concepts & using Excel for
descriptive statistics.

Week 8 Sections (02/26 – 02/28) – Using Excel to do bivariate (2 variable)
quantitative analysis.

Week 9 Sections (03/05 – 03/07) – Rough Draft exchange & workshop.
Surveys are a great method if we want to study why things happen; in other words, they help
us examine correlation (i.e., the statistical association) between 2 or more variables. For
example: scholars who are interested in why people have different tastes in coffee might see if
gender is associated with taste differences; alternatively, scholars might be interested in why
people start drinking coffee at different ages, and might test to see if social class is associated
with those differences.
Page 3 of 8
Orzechowicz – SOC 1, W19 – The Coffee Paper Prompt
Establishing a statistical association between gender and coffee taste or between class and ages
people started drinking coffee does not mean we have established causality – there are a
number of complicated statistical analyses we would need to do before we could try and claim
that gender or class plays a causal role in differences around coffee taste or consumption
practices.
This means that, if you choose this research method option, you will *begin* to address why
questions. If you are interested in examining the statistical associations (or lack thereof)
between different variables – and what this might suggest about why we see differences in coffee
taste and consumption – then surveys are the right method for you.
Folks who choose this method will take a deductive approach to social research. You will
start off with a specific theory and generate specific hypotheses based on that theory. You will be
expected to run some basic tests for statistical association to test these hypotheses, and then
explain what these tell us about coffee as a social experience. Time will be spent in class teaching
folks how to use Excel to run and interpret these tests, so you do not need any knowledge of or
experience with statistical methods.
3 Stages of a Survey project
Stage 1: Research Topics & Research Questions. You will identify at least 2 general topics
of interest or research questions, and generate 5 null and 5 alternative hypotheses for each topic
or question. Each group of hypotheses should be thematic (e.g., a set about gender, or a set
about differences in taste). Compared to the In-Depth Interview option, your submission will be
fairly narrow and specific, particularly your hypotheses. You will need to submit at least 20
hypotheses (10 null hypotheses and 10 related alternative hypotheses) total for this stage.
Stage 2: Operationalizing Concepts. You will turn in a list of course concepts relevant to
your hypotheses, a list of variables in the data set that you could use to measure those concepts,
and an explanation for how each of those variables help you measure the associated concept.
Stage 3: Identifying Patters & Connections to Course Material. You will submit the
results of your quantitative analysis (using Excel) along with a brief explanation of how to
interpret the outputs.
Page 4 of 8
Orzechowicz – SOC 1, W19 – The Coffee Paper Prompt
Part 3: Research Paper Guidelines
You will write an 4-5 page paper focused on your chosen topic using the data collected and
analyzed in class to support your argument. This analysis should be structured around a
single argument. You have considerable leeway in deciding what that argument should be. I
cannot tell you what to argue; you need to decide that for yourself, based on the analysis you
perform using the data you selected.
You must draw on course readings to build your argument, as well as any lecture material
you deem relevant, appropriately citing the authors’ ideas. Citation guidelines are listed below.
DIVISION OF GRADE
75% – substance (definition & application of course material; depth and insight of analysis).
15% – style (logic, coherence, flow, and structure of argument).
10% – mechanics of writing (grammar, spelling, citations, transitions, and sentence structure).
STRUCTURE OF THE PAPER
Your paper should be structured into 4 sections:
1. An introduction where you lay the groundwork for your analysis and state your thesis.
2. A methods section where you briefly discussed the type of research method and data
used, your logic of inquiry, your sample, your hypotheses (if appropriate) and how you
analyzed the data.
3. An analysis section where you discuss the patterns you observed in the data and how they
relate to course content. This should be your longest section.
4. A conclusion that summarizes the paper and discusses limitations of the analysis and
future questions to pursue, based on your findings.
NOTES FOR SUCCESS
Formatting and Page Length: Papers should have 1-inch margins and use Times New
Roman 12-point font. Please respect the page limit. If you do not think you can address
the prompt in the assigned length, see me to discuss your concerns.
Page 5 of 8
Orzechowicz – SOC 1, W19 – The Coffee Paper Prompt
This is an academic essay! While you are covering multiple course themes, you should
produce a cohesive paper that smoothly transitions from one topic to the next. I also expect you
to draw on course material – readings and lectures – when appropriate. Be sure to appropriately
cite course material, and use direct quotes only when necessary. Summary of a reading,
argument, or lecture point is a better way to demonstrate you understand the material. If you do
need to directly quote something (like a definition, for example), be sure you take time to
explain the direct quote in your own words.
Define your terms! To answer the essay prompt, you will have to engage with concepts from
the reading and lecture. You can either define terms in your own words, or quote a definition
(from readings or lectures) followed by a brief (1-2 sentence max) explanation of the definition,
to demonstrate that you understand the term, before you apply it to an example. Be sure to
clearly articulate and illustrate its connections to evidence from your reflections.
Citations: In general, it is always best to use your own words rather than rely on those used by
the author(s). If you use the author’s words, they must always be placed within quotations
marks, and cited with the authors name, year of publication (found on the syllabus), and page
number. If you need to directly quote lecture, use my name, the year, and the day of lecture.
Sample citations for:

a direct quote from a reading on Day 3: (Steiman 2013:102)

a summary of a reading on Day 3: (Steiman 2013)

a direct quote from lecture 8: (Orzechowicz Day 8)
If material was covered in lecture and reading, always cite the reading. I understand the
appeal of privileging lecture over reading. Your goal, however, is to demonstrate to me (and your
TA) that you have done the work for this course; and you should always appropriately credit the
source of an idea or argument. If you only draw on material from this course, you do not
need to include a works cited page. If, however, you draw on material from outside of
this course, you do need to include a works cited page that lists all sources used.
Page 6 of 8
Orzechowicz – SOC 1, W19 – The Coffee Paper Prompt
Writing Tips for Success:

You are welcome to use “I” statements (e.g., “I argue…”), so long as it does not devolve into
statements about your beliefs.

Avoid using contractions (e.g., “don’t”, “can’t”, “I’ll”).

DO NOT use “etc.” It asks the reader to fill in the blank. As the author, that is your job.

Avoid hyperbole and over-exaggeration. The most common culprit is the overuse of the word
“literally,” as used in the sentence, “When students misuse the word literally in an essay, my
head literally explodes.” Given that my head is still intact, I am either misusing the word
“literally” here or I possess Wolverine-level healing abilities. I will let you decide which is
more likely.

Each body paragraph of your essay should tackle 1 topic.

With few exceptions, paragraphs should be less than a page long. If you have a page-long
paragraph, you are either: tackling more than 1 topic and need to split things up; or being
repetitive and need to tighten-up your language.

Try not to overuse the semicolon (“;”). Just split the sentence in 2.

Take time to proofread your essay before submission.
Check out these online resources for additional writing support!

https://owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/section/1/

http://theoatmeal.com/comics/misspelling

http://theoatmeal.com/comics/literally

http://theoatmeal.com/comics/who_vs_whom

http://theoatmeal.com/comics/semicolon

http://theoatmeal.com/comics/ie
Page 7 of 8
Orzechowicz – SOC 1, W19 – The Coffee Paper Prompt
Research Paper Submission Checklist
Format
 My paper is double-spaced with 1” margins.
 My paper is typed in 12-pt. Times New Roman.
 The length of my paper is 4-5 pages.
Paper
 I have bolded a clearly articulated thesis statement that provides an overview of the
argument I will make in my paper.
 I have defined appropriate course terms in my paper.
 My paper engages course readings to support my argument and interpretation.
Writing Style
 I have proofread my paper carefully. My paper contains no spelling, punctuation, or
grammar errors.
 My paper is well organized. My ideas are presented in a logical and coherent way.
Academic Integrity
 I have not used anyone else’s ideas or language without citing them.
 I have read the plagiarism section in the syllabus and on the OSSJA website. I understand
that if I fail to abide by the rules, I will be reported to Student Judicial Affairs, and may fail
the course.
Submission
 I have uploaded a digital copy (as a .doc, .docx, .pdf, or .rtf file) of my final paper to Canvas
by 5pm on Sunday, March 10th.
Page 8 of 8
Data survey
categorical variable: q3i sugar, q9 drink coffee alone, q11 drink coffee at
home, q3l ice, q30 gender
continuous variable: q6 cups of coffee a day
Q1 what is the relationship between gender and coffee?
1. Men prefer to add more sugar than women
Men don’t prefer to add more sugar than women
Q3i Q30
(chi-square test)
2. Men tend to drink coffee alone than women.
Men don’t tend to drink coffee alone than women.
Q9 Q30 (chi-square test)
3. Men prefer to drink coffee at home than women.
Men don’t prefer to drink coffee at home than women.
Q11 Q30 (chi-square test)
4. Men drink more coffee than women every day.
Men don’t drink more coffee than women every day.
Q6 Q30 (comparison of mean t-test)
5. Men prefer to add ice in coffee than women.
Men don’t prefer to add ice in coffee than women.
Q3l Q30 (chi-square test)
categorical variable : q3i sugar, q26 hot coffee, q28 drink coffee for
socializing, q9 drink coffee alone, q11 drink coffee at home, q31 race
continuous variable:
Q2, What are the differences of coffee preferences depend on race
1. Asian like add more sugar than Caucasian or white.
Asian don’t like to add more sugar than Caucasian or white.
Q3i Q31 (chi-square test)
2. Asian prefer hot coffee than Caucasian or white.
Asian don’t prefer hot coffee than Caucasian or white.
Q26 Q31 (chi-square test)
3. More Asian drink coffee for socializing with others than Caucasian or white.
Less Asian drink coffee for socializing with others than Caucasian or white.
Q28 Q31 (chi-square test)
4. Asian prefer to drink coffee alone than Caucasian or white.
Asian don’t prefer to drink coffee alone than Caucasian or white.
Q9 Q31 (chi-square test)
5. Caucasian or white prefer to drink coffee at home than Asian.
Caucasian or white prefer to drink coffee at home than Asian.
Q11 Q31 (chi-square test)
These variables help me to organize all the data to make the
comparison of two different groups of date for each
hypothesis.
Q1 what is the relationship between gender and coffee?
There are 1068 women and 738 men in the survey.
1.H0 Men prefer to add more sugar than women
Ha Men don’t prefer to add more sugar than women
696 women(65.1685%) add sugar
481 men(65.17615%)add sugar
Fail to reject the null hypothesis
2. H0 Men tend to drink coffee alone than women.
Ha Men don’t tend to drink coffee alone than women.
353 Women(33.0524%)
285 Men(39.617886%)
Fail to reject the null hypothesis
3. Men prefer to drink coffee at home than women.
Men don’t prefer to drink coffee at home than women.
350 Women(32.777%)
278 Men(37.669%)
Fail to reject null hypothesis
4. Men drink more coffee than women every day.
Men don’t drink more coffee than women every day.
Women 1.302873 cup
men 1.50192 cup
Fail to reject the null hypothesis
5. Men prefer to add ice in coffee than women.
Men don’t prefer to add ice in coffee than women.
733 Women (68.6329%)
426 Men (50.957%)
reject the null hypothesis
There are 711 Asian and 57 Caucasian and white in the survey.
Q2, What are the differences of coffee preferences depend on race
1. Asian like add more sugar than Caucasian or white.
Asian don’t like to add more sugar than Caucasian or white.
460Asian (64.6976%)
36c/w (63.15789%)
Fail to reject the null hypothesis
2. Asian prefer hot coffee than Caucasian or white.
Asian don’t prefer hot coffee than Caucasian or white.
225 Asian (31.64557%)
20 c/w (35.0877%)
reject the null hypothesis
3. More Asian drink coffee for socializing with others than Caucasian or white.
Less Asian drink coffee for socializing with others than Caucasian or white.
62 Asian (8.72%)
4 c/w (7.018%)
Fail to reject the null hypothesis
4. Asian prefer to drink coffee alone than Caucasian or white.
Asian don’t prefer to drink coffee alone than Caucasian or white.
292 Asian (41.0689%)
24 c/w (42.0526%)
Fail to reject the null hypothesis
5. Caucasian or white prefer to drink coffee at home than Asian.
Caucasian or white prefer to drink coffee at home than Asian.
200 Asian (28.129%)
16 c/w (28.07%)
Fail to reject null hypothesis
Participant ID#
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
41
42
43
44
45
46
47
48
49
50
51
52
53
54
55
Q1 Q2a Q2b Q2c Q2d Q2e Q2f Q2g Q2h Q2i Q2j Q2j-specify Q3a Q3b Q3c Q3d Q3e
12 1
1
1
1
0
1
1
1
1 V
1ietnamese coffee1
1
1
0
1
17 1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1 0
N/A
0
0
0
0
0
25 1
0
1
1
1
1 Cortado,
1
1 Gilbralter,
1 1 Espres …
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